class sklearn.linear_model.LassoLarsIC(criterion=’aic’, fit_intercept=True, verbose=False, normalize=True, precompute=’auto’, max_iter=500, eps=2.220446049250313e-16, copy_X=True, positive=False)[source]

Lasso model fit with Lars using BIC or AIC for model selection

The optimization objective for Lasso is:

(1 / (2 * n_samples)) * ||y - Xw||^2_2 + alpha * ||w||_1

AIC is the Akaike information criterion and BIC is the Bayes Information criterion. Such criteria are useful to select the value of the regularization parameter by making a trade-off between the goodness of fit and the complexity of the model. A good model should explain well the data while being simple.

Read more in the User Guide.

criterion : ‘bic’ | ‘aic’

The type of criterion to use.

fit_intercept : boolean

whether to calculate the intercept for this model. If set to false, no intercept will be used in calculations (e.g. data is expected to be already centered).

verbose : boolean or integer, optional

Sets the verbosity amount

normalize : boolean, optional, default True

This parameter is ignored when fit_intercept is set to False. If True, the regressors X will be normalized before regression by subtracting the mean and dividing by the l2-norm. If you wish to standardize, please use sklearn.preprocessing.StandardScaler before calling fit on an estimator with normalize=False.

precompute : True | False | ‘auto’ | array-like

Whether to use a precomputed Gram matrix to speed up calculations. If set to 'auto' let us decide. The Gram matrix can also be passed as argument.

max_iter : integer, optional

Maximum number of iterations to perform. Can be used for early stopping.

eps : float, optional

The machine-precision regularization in the computation of the Cholesky diagonal factors. Increase this for very ill-conditioned systems. Unlike the tol parameter in some iterative optimization-based algorithms, this parameter does not control the tolerance of the optimization.

copy_X : boolean, optional, default True

If True, X will be copied; else, it may be overwritten.

positive : boolean (default=False)

Restrict coefficients to be >= 0. Be aware that you might want to remove fit_intercept which is set True by default. Under the positive restriction the model coefficients do not converge to the ordinary-least-squares solution for small values of alpha. Only coefficients up to the smallest alpha value (alphas_[alphas_ > 0.].min() when fit_path=True) reached by the stepwise Lars-Lasso algorithm are typically in congruence with the solution of the coordinate descent Lasso estimator. As a consequence using LassoLarsIC only makes sense for problems where a sparse solution is expected and/or reached.

coef_ : array, shape (n_features,)

parameter vector (w in the formulation formula)

intercept_ : float

independent term in decision function.

alpha_ : float

the alpha parameter chosen by the information criterion

n_iter_ : int

number of iterations run by lars_path to find the grid of alphas.

criterion_ : array, shape (n_alphas,)

The value of the information criteria (‘aic’, ‘bic’) across all alphas. The alpha which has the smallest information criterion is chosen. This value is larger by a factor of n_samples compared to Eqns. 2.15 and 2.16 in (Zou et al, 2007).


The estimation of the number of degrees of freedom is given by:

“On the degrees of freedom of the lasso” Hui Zou, Trevor Hastie, and Robert Tibshirani Ann. Statist. Volume 35, Number 5 (2007), 2173-2192.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akaike_information_criterion https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayesian_information_criterion


>>> from sklearn import linear_model
>>> reg = linear_model.LassoLarsIC(criterion='bic')
>>> reg.fit([[-1, 1], [0, 0], [1, 1]], [-1.1111, 0, -1.1111])
LassoLarsIC(copy_X=True, criterion='bic', eps=..., fit_intercept=True,
      max_iter=500, normalize=True, positive=False, precompute='auto',
>>> print(reg.coef_) 
[ 0.  -1.11...]


fit(X, y[, copy_X]) Fit the model using X, y as training data.
get_params([deep]) Get parameters for this estimator.
predict(X) Predict using the linear model
score(X, y[, sample_weight]) Returns the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.
set_params(**params) Set the parameters of this estimator.
__init__(criterion=’aic’, fit_intercept=True, verbose=False, normalize=True, precompute=’auto’, max_iter=500, eps=2.220446049250313e-16, copy_X=True, positive=False)[source]
fit(X, y, copy_X=None)[source]

Fit the model using X, y as training data.

X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

training data.

y : array-like, shape (n_samples,)

target values. Will be cast to X’s dtype if necessary

copy_X : boolean, optional, default None

If provided, this parameter will override the choice of copy_X made at instance creation. If True, X will be copied; else, it may be overwritten.

self : object

returns an instance of self.


Get parameters for this estimator.

deep : boolean, optional

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

params : mapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.


Predict using the linear model

X : array_like or sparse matrix, shape (n_samples, n_features)


C : array, shape (n_samples,)

Returns predicted values.

score(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]

Returns the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.

The coefficient R^2 is defined as (1 - u/v), where u is the residual sum of squares ((y_true - y_pred) ** 2).sum() and v is the total sum of squares ((y_true - y_true.mean()) ** 2).sum(). The best possible score is 1.0 and it can be negative (because the model can be arbitrarily worse). A constant model that always predicts the expected value of y, disregarding the input features, would get a R^2 score of 0.0.

X : array-like, shape = (n_samples, n_features)

Test samples. For some estimators this may be a precomputed kernel matrix instead, shape = (n_samples, n_samples_fitted], where n_samples_fitted is the number of samples used in the fitting for the estimator.

y : array-like, shape = (n_samples) or (n_samples, n_outputs)

True values for X.

sample_weight : array-like, shape = [n_samples], optional

Sample weights.

score : float

R^2 of self.predict(X) wrt. y.


The R2 score used when calling score on a regressor will use multioutput='uniform_average' from version 0.23 to keep consistent with metrics.r2_score. This will influence the score method of all the multioutput regressors (except for multioutput.MultiOutputRegressor). To use the new default, please either call metrics.r2_score directly or make a custom scorer with metrics.make_scorer.


Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

self Examples using sklearn.linear_model.LassoLarsIC