sklearn.preprocessing.MultiLabelBinarizer

class sklearn.preprocessing.MultiLabelBinarizer(*, classes=None, sparse_output=False)[source]

Transform between iterable of iterables and a multilabel format

Although a list of sets or tuples is a very intuitive format for multilabel data, it is unwieldy to process. This transformer converts between this intuitive format and the supported multilabel format: a (samples x classes) binary matrix indicating the presence of a class label.

Parameters
classesarray-like of shape (n_classes,), default=None

Indicates an ordering for the class labels. All entries should be unique (cannot contain duplicate classes).

sparse_outputbool, default=False

Set to true if output binary array is desired in CSR sparse format

Attributes
classes_ndarray of shape (n_classes,)

A copy of the classes parameter when provided. Otherwise it corresponds to the sorted set of classes found when fitting.

See also

sklearn.preprocessing.OneHotEncoder

encode categorical features using a one-hot aka one-of-K scheme.

Examples

>>> from sklearn.preprocessing import MultiLabelBinarizer
>>> mlb = MultiLabelBinarizer()
>>> mlb.fit_transform([(1, 2), (3,)])
array([[1, 1, 0],
       [0, 0, 1]])
>>> mlb.classes_
array([1, 2, 3])
>>> mlb.fit_transform([{'sci-fi', 'thriller'}, {'comedy'}])
array([[0, 1, 1],
       [1, 0, 0]])
>>> list(mlb.classes_)
['comedy', 'sci-fi', 'thriller']

A common mistake is to pass in a list, which leads to the following issue:

>>> mlb = MultiLabelBinarizer()
>>> mlb.fit(['sci-fi', 'thriller', 'comedy'])
MultiLabelBinarizer()
>>> mlb.classes_
array(['-', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'h', 'i', 'l', 'm', 'o', 'r', 's', 't',
    'y'], dtype=object)

To correct this, the list of labels should be passed in as:

>>> mlb = MultiLabelBinarizer()
>>> mlb.fit([['sci-fi', 'thriller', 'comedy']])
MultiLabelBinarizer()
>>> mlb.classes_
array(['comedy', 'sci-fi', 'thriller'], dtype=object)

Methods

fit(y)

Fit the label sets binarizer, storing classes_

fit_transform(y)

Fit the label sets binarizer and transform the given label sets

get_params([deep])

Get parameters for this estimator.

inverse_transform(yt)

Transform the given indicator matrix into label sets

set_params(**params)

Set the parameters of this estimator.

transform(y)

Transform the given label sets

fit(y)[source]

Fit the label sets binarizer, storing classes_

Parameters
yiterable of iterables

A set of labels (any orderable and hashable object) for each sample. If the classes parameter is set, y will not be iterated.

Returns
selfreturns this MultiLabelBinarizer instance
fit_transform(y)[source]

Fit the label sets binarizer and transform the given label sets

Parameters
yiterable of iterables

A set of labels (any orderable and hashable object) for each sample. If the classes parameter is set, y will not be iterated.

Returns
y_indicatorarray or CSR matrix, shape (n_samples, n_classes)

A matrix such that y_indicator[i, j] = 1 iff classes_[j] is in y[i], and 0 otherwise.

get_params(deep=True)[source]

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters
deepbool, default=True

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns
paramsmapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.

inverse_transform(yt)[source]

Transform the given indicator matrix into label sets

Parameters
ytarray or sparse matrix of shape (n_samples, n_classes)

A matrix containing only 1s ands 0s.

Returns
ylist of tuples

The set of labels for each sample such that y[i] consists of classes_[j] for each yt[i, j] == 1.

set_params(**params)[source]

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Parameters
**paramsdict

Estimator parameters.

Returns
selfobject

Estimator instance.

transform(y)[source]

Transform the given label sets

Parameters
yiterable of iterables

A set of labels (any orderable and hashable object) for each sample. If the classes parameter is set, y will not be iterated.

Returns
y_indicatorarray or CSR matrix, shape (n_samples, n_classes)

A matrix such that y_indicator[i, j] = 1 iff classes_[j] is in y[i], and 0 otherwise.