sklearn.preprocessing.LabelEncoder

class sklearn.preprocessing.LabelEncoder[source]

Encode target labels with value between 0 and n_classes-1.

This transformer should be used to encode target values, i.e. y, and not the input X.

Read more in the User Guide.

New in version 0.12.

Attributes
classes_array of shape (n_class,)

Holds the label for each class.

See also

sklearn.preprocessing.OrdinalEncoder

Encode categorical features using an ordinal encoding scheme.

sklearn.preprocessing.OneHotEncoder

Encode categorical features as a one-hot numeric array.

Examples

LabelEncoder can be used to normalize labels.

>>> from sklearn import preprocessing
>>> le = preprocessing.LabelEncoder()
>>> le.fit([1, 2, 2, 6])
LabelEncoder()
>>> le.classes_
array([1, 2, 6])
>>> le.transform([1, 1, 2, 6])
array([0, 0, 1, 2]...)
>>> le.inverse_transform([0, 0, 1, 2])
array([1, 1, 2, 6])

It can also be used to transform non-numerical labels (as long as they are hashable and comparable) to numerical labels.

>>> le = preprocessing.LabelEncoder()
>>> le.fit(["paris", "paris", "tokyo", "amsterdam"])
LabelEncoder()
>>> list(le.classes_)
['amsterdam', 'paris', 'tokyo']
>>> le.transform(["tokyo", "tokyo", "paris"])
array([2, 2, 1]...)
>>> list(le.inverse_transform([2, 2, 1]))
['tokyo', 'tokyo', 'paris']

Methods

fit(y)

Fit label encoder

fit_transform(y)

Fit label encoder and return encoded labels

get_params([deep])

Get parameters for this estimator.

inverse_transform(y)

Transform labels back to original encoding.

set_params(**params)

Set the parameters of this estimator.

transform(y)

Transform labels to normalized encoding.

fit(y)[source]

Fit label encoder

Parameters
yarray-like of shape (n_samples,)

Target values.

Returns
selfreturns an instance of self.
fit_transform(y)[source]

Fit label encoder and return encoded labels

Parameters
yarray-like of shape [n_samples]

Target values.

Returns
yarray-like of shape [n_samples]
get_params(deep=True)[source]

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters
deepbool, default=True

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns
paramsmapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.

inverse_transform(y)[source]

Transform labels back to original encoding.

Parameters
ynumpy array of shape [n_samples]

Target values.

Returns
ynumpy array of shape [n_samples]
set_params(**params)[source]

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Parameters
**paramsdict

Estimator parameters.

Returns
selfobject

Estimator instance.

transform(y)[source]

Transform labels to normalized encoding.

Parameters
yarray-like of shape [n_samples]

Target values.

Returns
yarray-like of shape [n_samples]