sklearn.cross_decomposition
.PLSCanonical¶

class
sklearn.cross_decomposition.
PLSCanonical
(n_components=2, *, scale=True, algorithm='nipals', max_iter=500, tol=1e06, copy=True)[source]¶ PLSCanonical implements the 2 blocks canonical PLS of the original Wold algorithm [Tenenhaus 1998] p.204, referred as PLSC2A in [Wegelin 2000].
This class inherits from PLS with mode=”A” and deflation_mode=”canonical”, norm_y_weights=True and algorithm=”nipals”, but svd should provide similar results up to numerical errors.
Read more in the User Guide.
New in version 0.8.
 Parameters
 n_componentsint, (default 2).
Number of components to keep
 scaleboolean, (default True)
Option to scale data
 algorithmstring, “nipals” or “svd”
The algorithm used to estimate the weights. It will be called n_components times, i.e. once for each iteration of the outer loop.
 max_iteran integer, (default 500)
the maximum number of iterations of the NIPALS inner loop (used only if algorithm=”nipals”)
 tolnonnegative real, default 1e06
the tolerance used in the iterative algorithm
 copyboolean, default True
Whether the deflation should be done on a copy. Let the default value to True unless you don’t care about side effect
 Attributes
 x_weights_array, shape = [p, n_components]
X block weights vectors.
 y_weights_array, shape = [q, n_components]
Y block weights vectors.
 x_loadings_array, shape = [p, n_components]
X block loadings vectors.
 y_loadings_array, shape = [q, n_components]
Y block loadings vectors.
 x_scores_array, shape = [n_samples, n_components]
X scores.
 y_scores_array, shape = [n_samples, n_components]
Y scores.
 x_rotations_array, shape = [p, n_components]
X block to latents rotations.
 y_rotations_array, shape = [q, n_components]
Y block to latents rotations.
 coef_array of shape (p, q)
The coefficients of the linear model:
Y = X coef_ + Err
 n_iter_arraylike
Number of iterations of the NIPALS inner loop for each component. Not useful if the algorithm provided is “svd”.
Notes
Matrices:
T: x_scores_ U: y_scores_ W: x_weights_ C: y_weights_ P: x_loadings_ Q: y_loadings__
Are computed such that:
X = T P.T + Err and Y = U Q.T + Err T[:, k] = Xk W[:, k] for k in range(n_components) U[:, k] = Yk C[:, k] for k in range(n_components) x_rotations_ = W (P.T W)^(1) y_rotations_ = C (Q.T C)^(1)
where Xk and Yk are residual matrices at iteration k.
For each component k, find weights u, v that optimize:
max corr(Xk u, Yk v) * std(Xk u) std(Yk u), such that ``u = v = 1``
Note that it maximizes both the correlations between the scores and the intrablock variances.
The residual matrix of X (Xk+1) block is obtained by the deflation on the current X score: x_score.
The residual matrix of Y (Yk+1) block is obtained by deflation on the current Y score. This performs a canonical symmetric version of the PLS regression. But slightly different than the CCA. This is mostly used for modeling.
This implementation provides the same results that the “plspm” package provided in the R language (Rproject), using the function plsca(X, Y). Results are equal or collinear with the function
pls(..., mode = "canonical")
of the “mixOmics” package. The difference relies in the fact that mixOmics implementation does not exactly implement the Wold algorithm since it does not normalize y_weights to one.References
Jacob A. Wegelin. A survey of Partial Least Squares (PLS) methods, with emphasis on the twoblock case. Technical Report 371, Department of Statistics, University of Washington, Seattle, 2000.
Tenenhaus, M. (1998). La regression PLS: theorie et pratique. Paris: Editions Technic.
Examples
>>> from sklearn.cross_decomposition import PLSCanonical >>> X = [[0., 0., 1.], [1.,0.,0.], [2.,2.,2.], [2.,5.,4.]] >>> Y = [[0.1, 0.2], [0.9, 1.1], [6.2, 5.9], [11.9, 12.3]] >>> plsca = PLSCanonical(n_components=2) >>> plsca.fit(X, Y) PLSCanonical() >>> X_c, Y_c = plsca.transform(X, Y)
Methods
fit
(self, X, Y)Fit model to data.
fit_transform
(self, X[, y])Learn and apply the dimension reduction on the train data.
get_params
(self[, deep])Get parameters for this estimator.
inverse_transform
(self, X)Transform data back to its original space.
predict
(self, X[, copy])Apply the dimension reduction learned on the train data.
score
(self, X, y[, sample_weight])Return the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.
set_params
(self, \*\*params)Set the parameters of this estimator.
transform
(self, X[, Y, copy])Apply the dimension reduction learned on the train data.

__init__
(self, n_components=2, *, scale=True, algorithm='nipals', max_iter=500, tol=1e06, copy=True)[source]¶ Initialize self. See help(type(self)) for accurate signature.

fit
(self, X, Y)[source]¶ Fit model to data.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of predictors.
 Yarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_targets)
Target vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_targets is the number of response variables.

fit_transform
(self, X, y=None)[source]¶ Learn and apply the dimension reduction on the train data.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of predictors.
 yarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_targets)
Target vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_targets is the number of response variables.
 Returns
 x_scores if Y is not given, (x_scores, y_scores) otherwise.

get_params
(self, deep=True)[source]¶ Get parameters for this estimator.
 Parameters
 deepbool, default=True
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
 Returns
 paramsmapping of string to any
Parameter names mapped to their values.

inverse_transform
(self, X)[source]¶ Transform data back to its original space.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_components)
New data, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_components is the number of pls components.
 Returns
 x_reconstructedarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Notes
This transformation will only be exact if n_components=n_features

predict
(self, X, copy=True)[source]¶ Apply the dimension reduction learned on the train data.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of predictors.
 copyboolean, default True
Whether to copy X and Y, or perform inplace normalization.
Notes
This call requires the estimation of a p x q matrix, which may be an issue in high dimensional space.

score
(self, X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]¶ Return the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.
The coefficient R^2 is defined as (1  u/v), where u is the residual sum of squares ((y_true  y_pred) ** 2).sum() and v is the total sum of squares ((y_true  y_true.mean()) ** 2).sum(). The best possible score is 1.0 and it can be negative (because the model can be arbitrarily worse). A constant model that always predicts the expected value of y, disregarding the input features, would get a R^2 score of 0.0.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Test samples. For some estimators this may be a precomputed kernel matrix or a list of generic objects instead, shape = (n_samples, n_samples_fitted), where n_samples_fitted is the number of samples used in the fitting for the estimator.
 yarraylike of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
True values for X.
 sample_weightarraylike of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Sample weights.
 Returns
 scorefloat
R^2 of self.predict(X) wrt. y.
Notes
The R2 score used when calling
score
on a regressor usesmultioutput='uniform_average'
from version 0.23 to keep consistent with default value ofr2_score
. This influences thescore
method of all the multioutput regressors (except forMultiOutputRegressor
).

set_params
(self, **params)[source]¶ Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form
<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object. Parameters
 **paramsdict
Estimator parameters.
 Returns
 selfobject
Estimator instance.

transform
(self, X, Y=None, copy=True)[source]¶ Apply the dimension reduction learned on the train data.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of predictors.
 Yarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_targets)
Target vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_targets is the number of response variables.
 copyboolean, default True
Whether to copy X and Y, or perform inplace normalization.
 Returns
 x_scores if Y is not given, (x_scores, y_scores) otherwise.