3.2.4.1.4. sklearn.linear_model.LassoLarsCV

class sklearn.linear_model.LassoLarsCV(fit_intercept=True, verbose=False, max_iter=500, normalize=True, precompute='auto', cv=None, max_n_alphas=1000, n_jobs=None, eps=2.220446049250313e-16, copy_X=True, positive=False)[source]

Cross-validated Lasso, using the LARS algorithm.

See glossary entry for cross-validation estimator.

The optimization objective for Lasso is:

(1 / (2 * n_samples)) * ||y - Xw||^2_2 + alpha * ||w||_1

Read more in the User Guide.

Parameters
fit_interceptbool, default=True

whether to calculate the intercept for this model. If set to false, no intercept will be used in calculations (i.e. data is expected to be centered).

verbosebool or int, default=False

Sets the verbosity amount

max_iterint, default=500

Maximum number of iterations to perform.

normalizebool, default=True

This parameter is ignored when fit_intercept is set to False. If True, the regressors X will be normalized before regression by subtracting the mean and dividing by the l2-norm. If you wish to standardize, please use sklearn.preprocessing.StandardScaler before calling fit on an estimator with normalize=False.

precomputebool or ‘auto’ , default=’auto’

Whether to use a precomputed Gram matrix to speed up calculations. If set to 'auto' let us decide. The Gram matrix cannot be passed as argument since we will use only subsets of X.

cvint, cross-validation generator or an iterable, default=None

Determines the cross-validation splitting strategy. Possible inputs for cv are:

  • None, to use the default 5-fold cross-validation,

  • integer, to specify the number of folds.

  • CV splitter,

  • An iterable yielding (train, test) splits as arrays of indices.

For integer/None inputs, KFold is used.

Refer User Guide for the various cross-validation strategies that can be used here.

Changed in version 0.22: cv default value if None changed from 3-fold to 5-fold.

max_n_alphasint, default=1000

The maximum number of points on the path used to compute the residuals in the cross-validation

n_jobsint or None, default=None

Number of CPUs to use during the cross validation. None means 1 unless in a joblib.parallel_backend context. -1 means using all processors. See Glossary for more details.

epsfloat, optional

The machine-precision regularization in the computation of the Cholesky diagonal factors. Increase this for very ill-conditioned systems. By default, np.finfo(np.float).eps is used.

copy_Xbool, default=True

If True, X will be copied; else, it may be overwritten.

positivebool, default=False

Restrict coefficients to be >= 0. Be aware that you might want to remove fit_intercept which is set True by default. Under the positive restriction the model coefficients do not converge to the ordinary-least-squares solution for small values of alpha. Only coefficients up to the smallest alpha value (alphas_[alphas_ > 0.].min() when fit_path=True) reached by the stepwise Lars-Lasso algorithm are typically in congruence with the solution of the coordinate descent Lasso estimator. As a consequence using LassoLarsCV only makes sense for problems where a sparse solution is expected and/or reached.

Attributes
coef_array-like of shape (n_features,)

parameter vector (w in the formulation formula)

intercept_float

independent term in decision function.

coef_path_array-like of shape (n_features, n_alphas)

the varying values of the coefficients along the path

alpha_float

the estimated regularization parameter alpha

alphas_array-like of shape (n_alphas,)

the different values of alpha along the path

cv_alphas_array-like of shape (n_cv_alphas,)

all the values of alpha along the path for the different folds

mse_path_array-like of shape (n_folds, n_cv_alphas)

the mean square error on left-out for each fold along the path (alpha values given by cv_alphas)

n_iter_array-like or int

the number of iterations run by Lars with the optimal alpha.

Notes

The object solves the same problem as the LassoCV object. However, unlike the LassoCV, it find the relevant alphas values by itself. In general, because of this property, it will be more stable. However, it is more fragile to heavily multicollinear datasets.

It is more efficient than the LassoCV if only a small number of features are selected compared to the total number, for instance if there are very few samples compared to the number of features.

Examples

>>> from sklearn.linear_model import LassoLarsCV
>>> from sklearn.datasets import make_regression
>>> X, y = make_regression(noise=4.0, random_state=0)
>>> reg = LassoLarsCV(cv=5).fit(X, y)
>>> reg.score(X, y)
0.9992...
>>> reg.alpha_
0.0484...
>>> reg.predict(X[:1,])
array([-77.8723...])

Methods

fit(self, X, y)

Fit the model using X, y as training data.

get_params(self[, deep])

Get parameters for this estimator.

predict(self, X)

Predict using the linear model

score(self, X, y[, sample_weight])

Returns the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.

set_params(self, \*\*params)

Set the parameters of this estimator.

__init__(self, fit_intercept=True, verbose=False, max_iter=500, normalize=True, precompute='auto', cv=None, max_n_alphas=1000, n_jobs=None, eps=2.220446049250313e-16, copy_X=True, positive=False)[source]

Initialize self. See help(type(self)) for accurate signature.

fit(self, X, y)[source]

Fit the model using X, y as training data.

Parameters
Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)

Training data.

yarray-like of shape (n_samples,)

Target values.

Returns
selfobject

returns an instance of self.

get_params(self, deep=True)[source]

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters
deepboolean, optional

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns
paramsmapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.

predict(self, X)[source]

Predict using the linear model

Parameters
Xarray_like or sparse matrix, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Samples.

Returns
Carray, shape (n_samples,)

Returns predicted values.

score(self, X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]

Returns the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.

The coefficient R^2 is defined as (1 - u/v), where u is the residual sum of squares ((y_true - y_pred) ** 2).sum() and v is the total sum of squares ((y_true - y_true.mean()) ** 2).sum(). The best possible score is 1.0 and it can be negative (because the model can be arbitrarily worse). A constant model that always predicts the expected value of y, disregarding the input features, would get a R^2 score of 0.0.

Parameters
Xarray-like, shape = (n_samples, n_features)

Test samples. For some estimators this may be a precomputed kernel matrix instead, shape = (n_samples, n_samples_fitted], where n_samples_fitted is the number of samples used in the fitting for the estimator.

yarray-like, shape = (n_samples) or (n_samples, n_outputs)

True values for X.

sample_weightarray-like, shape = [n_samples], optional

Sample weights.

Returns
scorefloat

R^2 of self.predict(X) wrt. y.

Notes

The R2 score used when calling score on a regressor will use multioutput='uniform_average' from version 0.23 to keep consistent with r2_score. This will influence the score method of all the multioutput regressors (except for MultiOutputRegressor). To specify the default value manually and avoid the warning, please either call r2_score directly or make a custom scorer with make_scorer (the built-in scorer 'r2' uses multioutput='uniform_average').

set_params(self, **params)[source]

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Returns
self

3.2.4.1.4.1. Examples using sklearn.linear_model.LassoLarsCV