sklearn.calibration
.CalibratedClassifierCV¶
- class sklearn.calibration.CalibratedClassifierCV(base_estimator=None, *, method='sigmoid', cv=None, n_jobs=None, ensemble=True)[source]¶
Probability calibration with isotonic regression or logistic regression.
This class uses cross-validation to both estimate the parameters of a classifier and subsequently calibrate a classifier. With default
ensemble=True
, for each cv split it fits a copy of the base estimator to the training subset, and calibrates it using the testing subset. For prediction, predicted probabilities are averaged across these individual calibrated classifiers. Whenensemble=False
, cross-validation is used to obtain unbiased predictions, viacross_val_predict
, which are then used for calibration. For prediction, the base estimator, trained using all the data, is used. This is the method implemented whenprobabilities=True
forsklearn.svm
estimators.Already fitted classifiers can be calibrated via the parameter
cv="prefit"
. In this case, no cross-validation is used and all provided data is used for calibration. The user has to take care manually that data for model fitting and calibration are disjoint.The calibration is based on the decision_function method of the
base_estimator
if it exists, else on predict_proba.Read more in the User Guide.
- Parameters
- base_estimatorestimator instance, default=None
The classifier whose output need to be calibrated to provide more accurate
predict_proba
outputs. The default classifier is aLinearSVC
.- method{‘sigmoid’, ‘isotonic’}, default=’sigmoid’
The method to use for calibration. Can be ‘sigmoid’ which corresponds to Platt’s method (i.e. a logistic regression model) or ‘isotonic’ which is a non-parametric approach. It is not advised to use isotonic calibration with too few calibration samples
(<<1000)
since it tends to overfit.- cvint, cross-validation generator, iterable or “prefit”, default=None
Determines the cross-validation splitting strategy. Possible inputs for cv are:
None, to use the default 5-fold cross-validation,
integer, to specify the number of folds.
An iterable yielding (train, test) splits as arrays of indices.
For integer/None inputs, if
y
is binary or multiclass,StratifiedKFold
is used. Ify
is neither binary nor multiclass,KFold
is used.Refer to the User Guide for the various cross-validation strategies that can be used here.
If “prefit” is passed, it is assumed that
base_estimator
has been fitted already and all data is used for calibration.Changed in version 0.22:
cv
default value if None changed from 3-fold to 5-fold.- n_jobsint, default=None
Number of jobs to run in parallel.
None
means 1 unless in ajoblib.parallel_backend
context.-1
means using all processors.Base estimator clones are fitted in parallel across cross-validation iterations. Therefore parallelism happens only when
cv != "prefit"
.See Glossary for more details.
New in version 0.24.
- ensemblebool, default=True
Determines how the calibrator is fitted when
cv
is not'prefit'
. Ignored ifcv='prefit'
.If
True
, thebase_estimator
is fitted using training data and calibrated using testing data, for eachcv
fold. The final estimator is an ensemble ofn_cv
fitted classifier and calibrator pairs, wheren_cv
is the number of cross-validation folds. The output is the average predicted probabilities of all pairs.If
False
,cv
is used to compute unbiased predictions, viacross_val_predict
, which are then used for calibration. At prediction time, the classifier used is thebase_estimator
trained on all the data. Note that this method is also internally implemented insklearn.svm
estimators with theprobabilities=True
parameter.New in version 0.24.
- Attributes
- classes_ndarray of shape (n_classes,)
The class labels.
- n_features_in_int
Number of features seen during fit. Only defined if the underlying base_estimator exposes such an attribute when fit.
New in version 0.24.
- feature_names_in_ndarray of shape (
n_features_in_
,) Names of features seen during fit. Only defined if the underlying base_estimator exposes such an attribute when fit.
New in version 1.0.
- calibrated_classifiers_list (len() equal to cv or 1 if
cv="prefit"
orensemble=False
) The list of classifier and calibrator pairs.
When
cv="prefit"
, the fittedbase_estimator
and fitted calibrator.When
cv
is not “prefit” andensemble=True
,n_cv
fittedbase_estimator
and calibrator pairs.n_cv
is the number of cross-validation folds.When
cv
is not “prefit” andensemble=False
, thebase_estimator
, fitted on all the data, and fitted calibrator.
Changed in version 0.24: Single calibrated classifier case when
ensemble=False
.
See also
calibration_curve
Compute true and predicted probabilities for a calibration curve.
References
- 1
Obtaining calibrated probability estimates from decision trees and naive Bayesian classifiers, B. Zadrozny & C. Elkan, ICML 2001
- 2
Transforming Classifier Scores into Accurate Multiclass Probability Estimates, B. Zadrozny & C. Elkan, (KDD 2002)
- 3
Probabilistic Outputs for Support Vector Machines and Comparisons to Regularized Likelihood Methods, J. Platt, (1999)
- 4
Predicting Good Probabilities with Supervised Learning, A. Niculescu-Mizil & R. Caruana, ICML 2005
Examples
>>> from sklearn.datasets import make_classification >>> from sklearn.naive_bayes import GaussianNB >>> from sklearn.calibration import CalibratedClassifierCV >>> X, y = make_classification(n_samples=100, n_features=2, ... n_redundant=0, random_state=42) >>> base_clf = GaussianNB() >>> calibrated_clf = CalibratedClassifierCV(base_estimator=base_clf, cv=3) >>> calibrated_clf.fit(X, y) CalibratedClassifierCV(base_estimator=GaussianNB(), cv=3) >>> len(calibrated_clf.calibrated_classifiers_) 3 >>> calibrated_clf.predict_proba(X)[:5, :] array([[0.110..., 0.889...], [0.072..., 0.927...], [0.928..., 0.071...], [0.928..., 0.071...], [0.071..., 0.928...]]) >>> from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split >>> X, y = make_classification(n_samples=100, n_features=2, ... n_redundant=0, random_state=42) >>> X_train, X_calib, y_train, y_calib = train_test_split( ... X, y, random_state=42 ... ) >>> base_clf = GaussianNB() >>> base_clf.fit(X_train, y_train) GaussianNB() >>> calibrated_clf = CalibratedClassifierCV( ... base_estimator=base_clf, ... cv="prefit" ... ) >>> calibrated_clf.fit(X_calib, y_calib) CalibratedClassifierCV(base_estimator=GaussianNB(), cv='prefit') >>> len(calibrated_clf.calibrated_classifiers_) 1 >>> calibrated_clf.predict_proba([[-0.5, 0.5]]) array([[0.936..., 0.063...]])
Methods
fit
(X, y[, sample_weight])Fit the calibrated model.
get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator.
predict
(X)Predict the target of new samples.
Calibrated probabilities of classification.
score
(X, y[, sample_weight])Return the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.
set_params
(**params)Set the parameters of this estimator.
- fit(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]¶
Fit the calibrated model.
- Parameters
- Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training data.
- yarray-like of shape (n_samples,)
Target values.
- sample_weightarray-like of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Sample weights. If None, then samples are equally weighted.
- Returns
- selfobject
Returns an instance of self.
- get_params(deep=True)[source]¶
Get parameters for this estimator.
- Parameters
- deepbool, default=True
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
- Returns
- paramsdict
Parameter names mapped to their values.
- predict(X)[source]¶
Predict the target of new samples.
The predicted class is the class that has the highest probability, and can thus be different from the prediction of the uncalibrated classifier.
- Parameters
- Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)
The samples, as accepted by
base_estimator.predict
.
- Returns
- Cndarray of shape (n_samples,)
The predicted class.
- predict_proba(X)[source]¶
Calibrated probabilities of classification.
This function returns calibrated probabilities of classification according to each class on an array of test vectors X.
- Parameters
- Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)
The samples, as accepted by
base_estimator.predict_proba
.
- Returns
- Cndarray of shape (n_samples, n_classes)
The predicted probas.
- score(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]¶
Return the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.
In multi-label classification, this is the subset accuracy which is a harsh metric since you require for each sample that each label set be correctly predicted.
- Parameters
- Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Test samples.
- yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
True labels for
X
.- sample_weightarray-like of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Sample weights.
- Returns
- scorefloat
Mean accuracy of
self.predict(X)
wrt.y
.
- set_params(**params)[source]¶
Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as
Pipeline
). The latter have parameters of the form<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.- Parameters
- **paramsdict
Estimator parameters.
- Returns
- selfestimator instance
Estimator instance.