sklearn.feature_extraction.image.extract_patches_2d(image, patch_size, max_patches=None, random_state=None)[source]

Reshape a 2D image into a collection of patches

The resulting patches are allocated in a dedicated array.

Read more in the User Guide.

image : array, shape = (image_height, image_width) or

(image_height, image_width, n_channels) The original image data. For color images, the last dimension specifies the channel: a RGB image would have n_channels=3.

patch_size : tuple of ints (patch_height, patch_width)

the dimensions of one patch

max_patches : integer or float, optional default is None

The maximum number of patches to extract. If max_patches is a float between 0 and 1, it is taken to be a proportion of the total number of patches.

random_state : int, RandomState instance or None, optional (default=None)

Pseudo number generator state used for random sampling to use if max_patches is not None. If int, random_state is the seed used by the random number generator; If RandomState instance, random_state is the random number generator; If None, the random number generator is the RandomState instance used by np.random.

patches : array, shape = (n_patches, patch_height, patch_width) or

(n_patches, patch_height, patch_width, n_channels) The collection of patches extracted from the image, where n_patches is either max_patches or the total number of patches that can be extracted.


>>> from sklearn.datasets import load_sample_images
>>> from sklearn.feature_extraction import image
>>> # Use the array data from the first image in this dataset:
>>> one_image = load_sample_images().images[0]
>>> print('Image shape: {}'.format(one_image.shape))
Image shape: (427, 640, 3)
>>> patches = image.extract_patches_2d(one_image, (2, 2))
>>> print('Patches shape: {}'.format(patches.shape))
Patches shape: (272214, 2, 2, 3)
>>> # Here are just two of these patches:
>>> print(patches[1]) 
[[[174 201 231]
  [174 201 231]]
 [[173 200 230]
  [173 200 230]]]
>>> print(patches[800])
[[[187 214 243]
  [188 215 244]]
 [[187 214 243]
  [188 215 244]]]

Examples using sklearn.feature_extraction.image.extract_patches_2d