sklearn.feature_extraction.text
.TfidfTransformer¶

class
sklearn.feature_extraction.text.
TfidfTransformer
(*, norm='l2', use_idf=True, smooth_idf=True, sublinear_tf=False)[source]¶ Transform a count matrix to a normalized tf or tfidf representation
Tf means termfrequency while tfidf means termfrequency times inverse documentfrequency. This is a common term weighting scheme in information retrieval, that has also found good use in document classification.
The goal of using tfidf instead of the raw frequencies of occurrence of a token in a given document is to scale down the impact of tokens that occur very frequently in a given corpus and that are hence empirically less informative than features that occur in a small fraction of the training corpus.
The formula that is used to compute the tfidf for a term t of a document d in a document set is tfidf(t, d) = tf(t, d) * idf(t), and the idf is computed as idf(t) = log [ n / df(t) ] + 1 (if
smooth_idf=False
), where n is the total number of documents in the document set and df(t) is the document frequency of t; the document frequency is the number of documents in the document set that contain the term t. The effect of adding “1” to the idf in the equation above is that terms with zero idf, i.e., terms that occur in all documents in a training set, will not be entirely ignored. (Note that the idf formula above differs from the standard textbook notation that defines the idf as idf(t) = log [ n / (df(t) + 1) ]).If
smooth_idf=True
(the default), the constant “1” is added to the numerator and denominator of the idf as if an extra document was seen containing every term in the collection exactly once, which prevents zero divisions: idf(t) = log [ (1 + n) / (1 + df(t)) ] + 1.Furthermore, the formulas used to compute tf and idf depend on parameter settings that correspond to the SMART notation used in IR as follows:
Tf is “n” (natural) by default, “l” (logarithmic) when
sublinear_tf=True
. Idf is “t” when use_idf is given, “n” (none) otherwise. Normalization is “c” (cosine) whennorm='l2'
, “n” (none) whennorm=None
.Read more in the User Guide.
 Parameters
 norm{‘l1’, ‘l2’}, default=’l2’
Each output row will have unit norm, either: * ‘l2’: Sum of squares of vector elements is 1. The cosine similarity between two vectors is their dot product when l2 norm has been applied. * ‘l1’: Sum of absolute values of vector elements is 1. See
preprocessing.normalize
 use_idfbool, default=True
Enable inversedocumentfrequency reweighting.
 smooth_idfbool, default=True
Smooth idf weights by adding one to document frequencies, as if an extra document was seen containing every term in the collection exactly once. Prevents zero divisions.
 sublinear_tfbool, default=False
Apply sublinear tf scaling, i.e. replace tf with 1 + log(tf).
 Attributes
 idf_array of shape (n_features)
The inverse document frequency (IDF) vector; only defined if
use_idf
is True.New in version 0.20.
References
 Yates2011
R. BaezaYates and B. RibeiroNeto (2011). Modern Information Retrieval. Addison Wesley, pp. 6874.
 MRS2008
C.D. Manning, P. Raghavan and H. Schütze (2008). Introduction to Information Retrieval. Cambridge University Press, pp. 118120.
Examples
>>> from sklearn.feature_extraction.text import TfidfTransformer >>> from sklearn.feature_extraction.text import CountVectorizer >>> from sklearn.pipeline import Pipeline >>> import numpy as np >>> corpus = ['this is the first document', ... 'this document is the second document', ... 'and this is the third one', ... 'is this the first document'] >>> vocabulary = ['this', 'document', 'first', 'is', 'second', 'the', ... 'and', 'one'] >>> pipe = Pipeline([('count', CountVectorizer(vocabulary=vocabulary)), ... ('tfid', TfidfTransformer())]).fit(corpus) >>> pipe['count'].transform(corpus).toarray() array([[1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0], [1, 2, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0], [1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1], [1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0]]) >>> pipe['tfid'].idf_ array([1. , 1.22314355, 1.51082562, 1. , 1.91629073, 1. , 1.91629073, 1.91629073]) >>> pipe.transform(corpus).shape (4, 8)
Methods
fit
(X[, y])Learn the idf vector (global term weights).
fit_transform
(X[, y])Fit to data, then transform it.
get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator.
set_params
(**params)Set the parameters of this estimator.
transform
(X[, copy])Transform a count matrix to a tf or tfidf representation

fit
(X, y=None)[source]¶ Learn the idf vector (global term weights).
 Parameters
 Xsparse matrix of shape n_samples, n_features)
A matrix of term/token counts.

fit_transform
(X, y=None, **fit_params)[source]¶ Fit to data, then transform it.
Fits transformer to
X
andy
with optional parametersfit_params
and returns a transformed version ofX
. Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Input samples.
 yarraylike of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs), default=None
Target values (None for unsupervised transformations).
 **fit_paramsdict
Additional fit parameters.
 Returns
 X_newndarray array of shape (n_samples, n_features_new)
Transformed array.

get_params
(deep=True)[source]¶ Get parameters for this estimator.
 Parameters
 deepbool, default=True
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
 Returns
 paramsdict
Parameter names mapped to their values.

set_params
(**params)[source]¶ Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as
Pipeline
). The latter have parameters of the form<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object. Parameters
 **paramsdict
Estimator parameters.
 Returns
 selfestimator instance
Estimator instance.

transform
(X, copy=True)[source]¶ Transform a count matrix to a tf or tfidf representation
 Parameters
 Xsparse matrix of (n_samples, n_features)
a matrix of term/token counts
 copybool, default=True
Whether to copy X and operate on the copy or perform inplace operations.
 Returns
 vectorssparse matrix of shape (n_samples, n_features)