sklearn.dummy.DummyClassifier

class sklearn.dummy.DummyClassifier(strategy='warn', random_state=None, constant=None)[source]

DummyClassifier is a classifier that makes predictions using simple rules.

This classifier is useful as a simple baseline to compare with other (real) classifiers. Do not use it for real problems.

Read more in the User Guide.

New in version 0.13.

Parameters
strategystr, default=”stratified”

Strategy to use to generate predictions.

  • “stratified”: generates predictions by respecting the training set’s class distribution.

  • “most_frequent”: always predicts the most frequent label in the training set.

  • “prior”: always predicts the class that maximizes the class prior (like “most_frequent”) and predict_proba returns the class prior.

  • “uniform”: generates predictions uniformly at random.

  • “constant”: always predicts a constant label that is provided by the user. This is useful for metrics that evaluate a non-majority class

    Changed in version 0.22: The default value of strategy will change to “prior” in version 0.24. Starting from version 0.22, a warning will be raised if strategy is not explicitly set.

    New in version 0.17: Dummy Classifier now supports prior fitting strategy using parameter prior.

random_stateint, RandomState instance or None, optional, default=None

Controls the randomness to generate the predictions when strategy='stratified' or strategy='uniform'. Pass an int for reproducible output across multiple function calls. See Glossary.

constantint or str or array-like of shape (n_outputs,)

The explicit constant as predicted by the “constant” strategy. This parameter is useful only for the “constant” strategy.

Attributes
classes_array or list of array of shape (n_classes,)

Class labels for each output.

n_classes_array or list of array of shape (n_classes,)

Number of label for each output.

class_prior_array or list of array of shape (n_classes,)

Probability of each class for each output.

n_outputs_int,

Number of outputs.

sparse_output_bool,

True if the array returned from predict is to be in sparse CSC format. Is automatically set to True if the input y is passed in sparse format.

Examples

>>> import numpy as np
>>> from sklearn.dummy import DummyClassifier
>>> X = np.array([-1, 1, 1, 1])
>>> y = np.array([0, 1, 1, 1])
>>> dummy_clf = DummyClassifier(strategy="most_frequent")
>>> dummy_clf.fit(X, y)
DummyClassifier(strategy='most_frequent')
>>> dummy_clf.predict(X)
array([1, 1, 1, 1])
>>> dummy_clf.score(X, y)
0.75

Methods

fit(self, X, y[, sample_weight])

Fit the random classifier.

get_params(self[, deep])

Get parameters for this estimator.

predict(self, X)

Perform classification on test vectors X.

predict_log_proba(self, X)

Return log probability estimates for the test vectors X.

predict_proba(self, X)

Return probability estimates for the test vectors X.

score(self, X, y[, sample_weight])

Returns the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.

set_params(self, \*\*params)

Set the parameters of this estimator.

__init__(self, strategy='warn', random_state=None, constant=None)[source]

Initialize self. See help(type(self)) for accurate signature.

fit(self, X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]

Fit the random classifier.

Parameters
X{array-like, object with finite length or shape}

Training data, requires length = n_samples

yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)

Target values.

sample_weightarray-like of shape (n_samples,), default=None

Sample weights.

Returns
selfobject
get_params(self, deep=True)[source]

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters
deepbool, default=True

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns
paramsmapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.

predict(self, X)[source]

Perform classification on test vectors X.

Parameters
X{array-like, object with finite length or shape}

Training data, requires length = n_samples

Returns
yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)

Predicted target values for X.

predict_log_proba(self, X)[source]

Return log probability estimates for the test vectors X.

Parameters
X{array-like, object with finite length or shape}

Training data, requires length = n_samples

Returns
Parray-like or list of array-like of shape (n_samples, n_classes)

Returns the log probability of the sample for each class in the model, where classes are ordered arithmetically for each output.

predict_proba(self, X)[source]

Return probability estimates for the test vectors X.

Parameters
X{array-like, object with finite length or shape}

Training data, requires length = n_samples

Returns
Parray-like or list of array-lke of shape (n_samples, n_classes)

Returns the probability of the sample for each class in the model, where classes are ordered arithmetically, for each output.

score(self, X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]

Returns the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.

In multi-label classification, this is the subset accuracy which is a harsh metric since you require for each sample that each label set be correctly predicted.

Parameters
X{array-like, None}

Test samples with shape = (n_samples, n_features) or None. Passing None as test samples gives the same result as passing real test samples, since DummyClassifier operates independently of the sampled observations.

yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)

True labels for X.

sample_weightarray-like of shape (n_samples,), default=None

Sample weights.

Returns
scorefloat

Mean accuracy of self.predict(X) wrt. y.

set_params(self, **params)[source]

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Parameters
**paramsdict

Estimator parameters.

Returns
selfobject

Estimator instance.