sklearn.kernel_approximation.SkewedChi2Sampler

class sklearn.kernel_approximation.SkewedChi2Sampler(*, skewedness=1.0, n_components=100, random_state=None)[source]

Approximate feature map for “skewed chi-squared” kernel.

Read more in the User Guide.

Parameters
skewednessfloat, default=1.0

“skewedness” parameter of the kernel. Needs to be cross-validated.

n_componentsint, default=100

Number of Monte Carlo samples per original feature. Equals the dimensionality of the computed feature space.

random_stateint, RandomState instance or None, default=None

Pseudo-random number generator to control the generation of the random weights and random offset when fitting the training data. Pass an int for reproducible output across multiple function calls. See Glossary.

Attributes
random_weights_ndarray of shape (n_features, n_components)

Weight array, sampled from a secant hyperbolic distribution, which will be used to linearly transform the log of the data.

random_offset_ndarray of shape (n_features, n_components)

Bias term, which will be added to the data. It is uniformly distributed between 0 and 2*pi.

n_features_in_int

Number of features seen during fit.

New in version 0.24.

feature_names_in_ndarray of shape (n_features_in_,)

Names of features seen during fit. Defined only when X has feature names that are all strings.

New in version 1.0.

See also

AdditiveChi2Sampler

Approximate feature map for additive chi2 kernel.

Nystroem

Approximate a kernel map using a subset of the training data.

RBFSampler

Approximate a RBF kernel feature map using random Fourier features.

SkewedChi2Sampler

Approximate feature map for “skewed chi-squared” kernel.

sklearn.metrics.pairwise.chi2_kernel

The exact chi squared kernel.

sklearn.metrics.pairwise.kernel_metrics

List of built-in kernels.

References

See “Random Fourier Approximations for Skewed Multiplicative Histogram Kernels” by Fuxin Li, Catalin Ionescu and Cristian Sminchisescu.

Examples

>>> from sklearn.kernel_approximation import SkewedChi2Sampler
>>> from sklearn.linear_model import SGDClassifier
>>> X = [[0, 0], [1, 1], [1, 0], [0, 1]]
>>> y = [0, 0, 1, 1]
>>> chi2_feature = SkewedChi2Sampler(skewedness=.01,
...                                  n_components=10,
...                                  random_state=0)
>>> X_features = chi2_feature.fit_transform(X, y)
>>> clf = SGDClassifier(max_iter=10, tol=1e-3)
>>> clf.fit(X_features, y)
SGDClassifier(max_iter=10)
>>> clf.score(X_features, y)
1.0

Methods

fit(X[, y])

Fit the model with X.

fit_transform(X[, y])

Fit to data, then transform it.

get_feature_names_out([input_features])

Get output feature names for transformation.

get_params([deep])

Get parameters for this estimator.

set_params(**params)

Set the parameters of this estimator.

transform(X)

Apply the approximate feature map to X.

fit(X, y=None)[source]

Fit the model with X.

Samples random projection according to n_features.

Parameters
Xarray-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Training data, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features.

yarray-like, shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs), default=None

Target values (None for unsupervised transformations).

Returns
selfobject

Returns the instance itself.

fit_transform(X, y=None, **fit_params)[source]

Fit to data, then transform it.

Fits transformer to X and y with optional parameters fit_params and returns a transformed version of X.

Parameters
Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)

Input samples.

yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs), default=None

Target values (None for unsupervised transformations).

**fit_paramsdict

Additional fit parameters.

Returns
X_newndarray array of shape (n_samples, n_features_new)

Transformed array.

get_feature_names_out(input_features=None)[source]

Get output feature names for transformation.

Parameters
input_featuresarray-like of str or None, default=None

Only used to validate feature names with the names seen in fit.

Returns
feature_names_outndarray of str objects

Transformed feature names.

get_params(deep=True)[source]

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters
deepbool, default=True

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns
paramsdict

Parameter names mapped to their values.

set_params(**params)[source]

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as Pipeline). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Parameters
**paramsdict

Estimator parameters.

Returns
selfestimator instance

Estimator instance.

transform(X)[source]

Apply the approximate feature map to X.

Parameters
Xarray-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

New data, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features. All values of X must be strictly greater than “-skewedness”.

Returns
X_newarray-like, shape (n_samples, n_components)

Returns the instance itself.