3.2.4.1.2. sklearn.linear_model.LarsCV

class sklearn.linear_model.LarsCV(fit_intercept=True, verbose=False, max_iter=500, normalize=True, precompute='auto', cv=None, max_n_alphas=1000, n_jobs=None, eps=2.220446049250313e-16, copy_X=True)[source]

Cross-validated Least Angle Regression model.

See glossary entry for cross-validation estimator.

Read more in the User Guide.

Parameters
fit_interceptbool, default=True

whether to calculate the intercept for this model. If set to false, no intercept will be used in calculations (i.e. data is expected to be centered).

verbosebool or int, default=False

Sets the verbosity amount

max_iterint, default=500

Maximum number of iterations to perform.

normalizebool, default=True

This parameter is ignored when fit_intercept is set to False. If True, the regressors X will be normalized before regression by subtracting the mean and dividing by the l2-norm. If you wish to standardize, please use sklearn.preprocessing.StandardScaler before calling fit on an estimator with normalize=False.

precomputebool, ‘auto’ or array-like , default=’auto’

Whether to use a precomputed Gram matrix to speed up calculations. If set to 'auto' let us decide. The Gram matrix cannot be passed as argument since we will use only subsets of X.

cvint, cross-validation generator or an iterable, default=None

Determines the cross-validation splitting strategy. Possible inputs for cv are:

  • None, to use the default 5-fold cross-validation,

  • integer, to specify the number of folds.

  • CV splitter,

  • An iterable yielding (train, test) splits as arrays of indices.

For integer/None inputs, KFold is used.

Refer User Guide for the various cross-validation strategies that can be used here.

Changed in version 0.22: cv default value if None changed from 3-fold to 5-fold.

max_n_alphasint, default=1000

The maximum number of points on the path used to compute the residuals in the cross-validation

n_jobsint or None, default=None

Number of CPUs to use during the cross validation. None means 1 unless in a joblib.parallel_backend context. -1 means using all processors. See Glossary for more details.

epsfloat, optional

The machine-precision regularization in the computation of the Cholesky diagonal factors. Increase this for very ill-conditioned systems. By default, np.finfo(np.float).eps is used.

copy_Xbool, default=True

If True, X will be copied; else, it may be overwritten.

Attributes
coef_array-like of shape (n_features,)

parameter vector (w in the formulation formula)

intercept_float

independent term in decision function

coef_path_array-like of shape (n_features, n_alphas)

the varying values of the coefficients along the path

alpha_float

the estimated regularization parameter alpha

alphas_array-like of shape (n_alphas,)

the different values of alpha along the path

cv_alphas_array-like of shape (n_cv_alphas,)

all the values of alpha along the path for the different folds

mse_path_array-like of shape (n_folds, n_cv_alphas)

the mean square error on left-out for each fold along the path (alpha values given by cv_alphas)

n_iter_array-like or int

the number of iterations run by Lars with the optimal alpha.

Examples

>>> from sklearn.linear_model import LarsCV
>>> from sklearn.datasets import make_regression
>>> X, y = make_regression(n_samples=200, noise=4.0, random_state=0)
>>> reg = LarsCV(cv=5).fit(X, y)
>>> reg.score(X, y)
0.9996...
>>> reg.alpha_
0.0254...
>>> reg.predict(X[:1,])
array([154.0842...])

Methods

fit(self, X, y)

Fit the model using X, y as training data.

get_params(self[, deep])

Get parameters for this estimator.

predict(self, X)

Predict using the linear model.

score(self, X, y[, sample_weight])

Return the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.

set_params(self, \*\*params)

Set the parameters of this estimator.

__init__(self, fit_intercept=True, verbose=False, max_iter=500, normalize=True, precompute='auto', cv=None, max_n_alphas=1000, n_jobs=None, eps=2.220446049250313e-16, copy_X=True)[source]

Initialize self. See help(type(self)) for accurate signature.

fit(self, X, y)[source]

Fit the model using X, y as training data.

Parameters
Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)

Training data.

yarray-like of shape (n_samples,)

Target values.

Returns
selfobject

returns an instance of self.

get_params(self, deep=True)[source]

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters
deepbool, default=True

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns
paramsmapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.

predict(self, X)[source]

Predict using the linear model.

Parameters
Xarray_like or sparse matrix, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Samples.

Returns
Carray, shape (n_samples,)

Returns predicted values.

score(self, X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]

Return the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.

The coefficient R^2 is defined as (1 - u/v), where u is the residual sum of squares ((y_true - y_pred) ** 2).sum() and v is the total sum of squares ((y_true - y_true.mean()) ** 2).sum(). The best possible score is 1.0 and it can be negative (because the model can be arbitrarily worse). A constant model that always predicts the expected value of y, disregarding the input features, would get a R^2 score of 0.0.

Parameters
Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)

Test samples. For some estimators this may be a precomputed kernel matrix or a list of generic objects instead, shape = (n_samples, n_samples_fitted), where n_samples_fitted is the number of samples used in the fitting for the estimator.

yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)

True values for X.

sample_weightarray-like of shape (n_samples,), default=None

Sample weights.

Returns
scorefloat

R^2 of self.predict(X) wrt. y.

Notes

The R2 score used when calling score on a regressor uses multioutput='uniform_average' from version 0.23 to keep consistent with default value of r2_score. This influences the score method of all the multioutput regressors (except for MultiOutputRegressor).

set_params(self, **params)[source]

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Parameters
**paramsdict

Estimator parameters.

Returns
selfobject

Estimator instance.