SGD: Weighted samples

Plot decision function of a weighted dataset, where the size of points is proportional to its weight.

plot sgd weighted samples
print(__doc__)

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sklearn import linear_model

# we create 20 points
np.random.seed(0)
X = np.r_[np.random.randn(10, 2) + [1, 1], np.random.randn(10, 2)]
y = [1] * 10 + [-1] * 10
sample_weight = 100 * np.abs(np.random.randn(20))
# and assign a bigger weight to the last 10 samples
sample_weight[:10] *= 10

# plot the weighted data points
xx, yy = np.meshgrid(np.linspace(-4, 5, 500), np.linspace(-4, 5, 500))
plt.figure()
plt.scatter(
    X[:, 0],
    X[:, 1],
    c=y,
    s=sample_weight,
    alpha=0.9,
    cmap=plt.cm.bone,
    edgecolor="black",
)

# fit the unweighted model
clf = linear_model.SGDClassifier(alpha=0.01, max_iter=100)
clf.fit(X, y)
Z = clf.decision_function(np.c_[xx.ravel(), yy.ravel()])
Z = Z.reshape(xx.shape)
no_weights = plt.contour(xx, yy, Z, levels=[0], linestyles=["solid"])

# fit the weighted model
clf = linear_model.SGDClassifier(alpha=0.01, max_iter=100)
clf.fit(X, y, sample_weight=sample_weight)
Z = clf.decision_function(np.c_[xx.ravel(), yy.ravel()])
Z = Z.reshape(xx.shape)
samples_weights = plt.contour(xx, yy, Z, levels=[0], linestyles=["dashed"])

plt.legend(
    [no_weights.collections[0], samples_weights.collections[0]],
    ["no weights", "with weights"],
    loc="lower left",
)

plt.xticks(())
plt.yticks(())
plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.090 seconds)

Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery