sklearn.multiclass
.OneVsRestClassifier¶

class
sklearn.multiclass.
OneVsRestClassifier
(estimator, n_jobs=1)[source]¶ Onevstherest (OvR) multiclass/multilabel strategy
Also known as onevsall, this strategy consists in fitting one classifier per class. For each classifier, the class is fitted against all the other classes. In addition to its computational efficiency (only n_classes classifiers are needed), one advantage of this approach is its interpretability. Since each class is represented by one and one classifier only, it is possible to gain knowledge about the class by inspecting its corresponding classifier. This is the most commonly used strategy for multiclass classification and is a fair default choice.
This strategy can also be used for multilabel learning, where a classifier is used to predict multiple labels for instance, by fitting on a 2d matrix in which cell [i, j] is 1 if sample i has label j and 0 otherwise.
In the multilabel learning literature, OvR is also known as the binary relevance method.
Read more in the User Guide.
Parameters: estimator : estimator object
An estimator object implementing fit and one of decision_function or predict_proba.
n_jobs : int, optional, default: 1
The number of jobs to use for the computation. If 1 all CPUs are used. If 1 is given, no parallel computing code is used at all, which is useful for debugging. For n_jobs below 1, (n_cpus + 1 + n_jobs) are used. Thus for n_jobs = 2, all CPUs but one are used.
Attributes: estimators_ : list of n_classes estimators
Estimators used for predictions.
classes_ : array, shape = [n_classes]
Class labels.
label_binarizer_ : LabelBinarizer object
Object used to transform multiclass labels to binary labels and viceversa.
multilabel_ : boolean
Whether a OneVsRestClassifier is a multilabel classifier.
Methods
decision_function
(\*args, \*\*kwargs)Returns the distance of each sample from the decision boundary for each class. fit
(X, y)Fit underlying estimators. get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator. partial_fit
(X, y[, classes])Partially fit underlying estimators predict
(X)Predict multiclass targets using underlying estimators. predict_proba
(\*args, \*\*kwargs)Probability estimates. score
(X, y[, sample_weight])Returns the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels. set_params
(\*\*params)Set the parameters of this estimator. 
decision_function
(*args, **kwargs)[source]¶ Returns the distance of each sample from the decision boundary for each class. This can only be used with estimators which implement the decision_function method.
Parameters: X : arraylike, shape = [n_samples, n_features] Returns: T : arraylike, shape = [n_samples, n_classes]

fit
(X, y)[source]¶ Fit underlying estimators.
Parameters: X : (sparse) arraylike, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Data.
y : (sparse) arraylike, shape = [n_samples, ], [n_samples, n_classes]
Multiclass targets. An indicator matrix turns on multilabel classification.
Returns: self :

get_params
(deep=True)[source]¶ Get parameters for this estimator.
Parameters: deep : boolean, optional
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
Returns: params : mapping of string to any
Parameter names mapped to their values.

multilabel_
¶ Whether this is a multilabel classifier

partial_fit
(X, y, classes=None)[source]¶ Partially fit underlying estimators
Should be used when memory is inefficient to train all data. Chunks of data can be passed in several iteration.
Parameters: X : (sparse) arraylike, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Data.
y : (sparse) arraylike, shape = [n_samples, ], [n_samples, n_classes]
Multiclass targets. An indicator matrix turns on multilabel classification.
classes : array, shape (n_classes, )
Classes across all calls to partial_fit. Can be obtained via np.unique(y_all), where y_all is the target vector of the entire dataset. This argument is only required in the first call of partial_fit and can be omitted in the subsequent calls.
Returns: self :

predict
(X)[source]¶ Predict multiclass targets using underlying estimators.
Parameters: X : (sparse) arraylike, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Data.
Returns: y : (sparse) arraylike, shape = [n_samples, ], [n_samples, n_classes].
Predicted multiclass targets.

predict_proba
(*args, **kwargs)[source]¶ Probability estimates.
The returned estimates for all classes are ordered by label of classes.
Note that in the multilabel case, each sample can have any number of labels. This returns the marginal probability that the given sample has the label in question. For example, it is entirely consistent that two labels both have a 90% probability of applying to a given sample.
In the single label multiclass case, the rows of the returned matrix sum to 1.
Parameters: X : arraylike, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Returns: T : (sparse) arraylike, shape = [n_samples, n_classes]
Returns the probability of the sample for each class in the model, where classes are ordered as they are in self.classes_.

score
(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]¶ Returns the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.
In multilabel classification, this is the subset accuracy which is a harsh metric since you require for each sample that each label set be correctly predicted.
Parameters: X : arraylike, shape = (n_samples, n_features)
Test samples.
y : arraylike, shape = (n_samples) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
True labels for X.
sample_weight : arraylike, shape = [n_samples], optional
Sample weights.
Returns: score : float
Mean accuracy of self.predict(X) wrt. y.

set_params
(**params)[source]¶ Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form
<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.Returns: self :
