sklearn.metrics.mean_absolute_error

sklearn.metrics.mean_absolute_error(y_true, y_pred, sample_weight=None, multioutput=’uniform_average’)[source]

Mean absolute error regression loss

Read more in the User Guide.

Parameters:
y_true : array-like of shape = (n_samples) or (n_samples, n_outputs)

Ground truth (correct) target values.

y_pred : array-like of shape = (n_samples) or (n_samples, n_outputs)

Estimated target values.

sample_weight : array-like of shape = (n_samples), optional

Sample weights.

multioutput : string in [‘raw_values’, ‘uniform_average’]

or array-like of shape (n_outputs) Defines aggregating of multiple output values. Array-like value defines weights used to average errors.

‘raw_values’ :

Returns a full set of errors in case of multioutput input.

‘uniform_average’ :

Errors of all outputs are averaged with uniform weight.

Returns:
loss : float or ndarray of floats

If multioutput is ‘raw_values’, then mean absolute error is returned for each output separately. If multioutput is ‘uniform_average’ or an ndarray of weights, then the weighted average of all output errors is returned.

MAE output is non-negative floating point. The best value is 0.0.

Examples

>>> from sklearn.metrics import mean_absolute_error
>>> y_true = [3, -0.5, 2, 7]
>>> y_pred = [2.5, 0.0, 2, 8]
>>> mean_absolute_error(y_true, y_pred)
0.5
>>> y_true = [[0.5, 1], [-1, 1], [7, -6]]
>>> y_pred = [[0, 2], [-1, 2], [8, -5]]
>>> mean_absolute_error(y_true, y_pred)
0.75
>>> mean_absolute_error(y_true, y_pred, multioutput='raw_values')
array([ 0.5,  1. ])
>>> mean_absolute_error(y_true, y_pred, multioutput=[0.3, 0.7])
... 
0.849...