sklearn.linear_model.OrthogonalMatchingPursuit

class sklearn.linear_model.OrthogonalMatchingPursuit(n_nonzero_coefs=None, tol=None, fit_intercept=True, normalize=True, precompute=’auto’)[source]

Orthogonal Matching Pursuit model (OMP)

Read more in the User Guide.

Parameters:

n_nonzero_coefs : int, optional

Desired number of non-zero entries in the solution. If None (by default) this value is set to 10% of n_features.

tol : float, optional

Maximum norm of the residual. If not None, overrides n_nonzero_coefs.

fit_intercept : boolean, optional

whether to calculate the intercept for this model. If set to false, no intercept will be used in calculations (e.g. data is expected to be already centered).

normalize : boolean, optional, default True

This parameter is ignored when fit_intercept is set to False. If True, the regressors X will be normalized before regression by subtracting the mean and dividing by the l2-norm. If you wish to standardize, please use sklearn.preprocessing.StandardScaler before calling fit on an estimator with normalize=False.

precompute : {True, False, ‘auto’}, default ‘auto’

Whether to use a precomputed Gram and Xy matrix to speed up calculations. Improves performance when n_targets or n_samples is very large. Note that if you already have such matrices, you can pass them directly to the fit method.

Attributes

coef_ (array, shape (n_features,) or (n_targets, n_features)) parameter vector (w in the formula)
intercept_ (float or array, shape (n_targets,)) independent term in decision function.
n_iter_ (int or array-like) Number of active features across every target.

See also

orthogonal_mp, orthogonal_mp_gram, lars_path, Lars, LassoLars, decomposition.sparse_encode

Notes

Orthogonal matching pursuit was introduced in G. Mallat, Z. Zhang, Matching pursuits with time-frequency dictionaries, IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 41, No. 12. (December 1993), pp. 3397-3415. (http://blanche.polytechnique.fr/~mallat/papiers/MallatPursuit93.pdf)

This implementation is based on Rubinstein, R., Zibulevsky, M. and Elad, M., Efficient Implementation of the K-SVD Algorithm using Batch Orthogonal Matching Pursuit Technical Report - CS Technion, April 2008. http://www.cs.technion.ac.il/~ronrubin/Publications/KSVD-OMP-v2.pdf

Methods

fit(X, y) Fit the model using X, y as training data.
get_params([deep]) Get parameters for this estimator.
predict(X) Predict using the linear model
score(X, y[, sample_weight]) Returns the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.
set_params(**params) Set the parameters of this estimator.
__init__(n_nonzero_coefs=None, tol=None, fit_intercept=True, normalize=True, precompute=’auto’)[source]
fit(X, y)[source]

Fit the model using X, y as training data.

Parameters:

X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Training data.

y : array-like, shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_targets)

Target values. Will be cast to X’s dtype if necessary

Returns:

self : object

returns an instance of self.

get_params(deep=True)[source]

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters:

deep : boolean, optional

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns:

params : mapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.

predict(X)[source]

Predict using the linear model

Parameters:

X : {array-like, sparse matrix}, shape = (n_samples, n_features)

Samples.

Returns:

C : array, shape = (n_samples,)

Returns predicted values.

score(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]

Returns the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.

The coefficient R^2 is defined as (1 - u/v), where u is the residual sum of squares ((y_true - y_pred) ** 2).sum() and v is the total sum of squares ((y_true - y_true.mean()) ** 2).sum(). The best possible score is 1.0 and it can be negative (because the model can be arbitrarily worse). A constant model that always predicts the expected value of y, disregarding the input features, would get a R^2 score of 0.0.

Parameters:

X : array-like, shape = (n_samples, n_features)

Test samples.

y : array-like, shape = (n_samples) or (n_samples, n_outputs)

True values for X.

sample_weight : array-like, shape = [n_samples], optional

Sample weights.

Returns:

score : float

R^2 of self.predict(X) wrt. y.

set_params(**params)[source]

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Returns:self

Examples using sklearn.linear_model.OrthogonalMatchingPursuit