sklearn.model_selection.KFold

class sklearn.model_selection.KFold(n_splits=3, shuffle=False, random_state=None)[source]

K-Folds cross-validator

Provides train/test indices to split data in train/test sets. Split dataset into k consecutive folds (without shuffling by default).

Each fold is then used once as a validation while the k - 1 remaining folds form the training set.

Read more in the User Guide.

Parameters:

n_splits : int, default=3

Number of folds. Must be at least 2.

shuffle : boolean, optional

Whether to shuffle the data before splitting into batches.

random_state : int, RandomState instance or None, optional, default=None

If int, random_state is the seed used by the random number generator; If RandomState instance, random_state is the random number generator; If None, the random number generator is the RandomState instance used by np.random. Used when shuffle == True.

See also

StratifiedKFold
Takes group information into account to avoid building folds with imbalanced class distributions (for binary or multiclass classification tasks).
GroupKFold
K-fold iterator variant with non-overlapping groups.
RepeatedKFold
Repeats K-Fold n times.

Notes

The first n_samples % n_splits folds have size n_samples // n_splits + 1, other folds have size n_samples // n_splits, where n_samples is the number of samples.

Examples

>>> from sklearn.model_selection import KFold
>>> X = np.array([[1, 2], [3, 4], [1, 2], [3, 4]])
>>> y = np.array([1, 2, 3, 4])
>>> kf = KFold(n_splits=2)
>>> kf.get_n_splits(X)
2
>>> print(kf)  
KFold(n_splits=2, random_state=None, shuffle=False)
>>> for train_index, test_index in kf.split(X):
...    print("TRAIN:", train_index, "TEST:", test_index)
...    X_train, X_test = X[train_index], X[test_index]
...    y_train, y_test = y[train_index], y[test_index]
TRAIN: [2 3] TEST: [0 1]
TRAIN: [0 1] TEST: [2 3]

Methods

get_n_splits([X, y, groups]) Returns the number of splitting iterations in the cross-validator
split(X[, y, groups]) Generate indices to split data into training and test set.
__init__(n_splits=3, shuffle=False, random_state=None)[source]
get_n_splits(X=None, y=None, groups=None)[source]

Returns the number of splitting iterations in the cross-validator

Parameters:

X : object

Always ignored, exists for compatibility.

y : object

Always ignored, exists for compatibility.

groups : object

Always ignored, exists for compatibility.

Returns:

n_splits : int

Returns the number of splitting iterations in the cross-validator.

split(X, y=None, groups=None)[source]

Generate indices to split data into training and test set.

Parameters:

X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Training data, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features.

y : array-like, shape (n_samples,)

The target variable for supervised learning problems.

groups : array-like, with shape (n_samples,), optional

Group labels for the samples used while splitting the dataset into train/test set.

Returns:

train : ndarray

The training set indices for that split.

test : ndarray

The testing set indices for that split.