sklearn.semi_supervised
.LabelSpreading¶

class
sklearn.semi_supervised.
LabelSpreading
(kernel=’rbf’, gamma=20, n_neighbors=7, alpha=0.2, max_iter=30, tol=0.001, n_jobs=1)[source]¶ LabelSpreading model for semisupervised learning
This model is similar to the basic Label Propagation algorithm, but uses affinity matrix based on the normalized graph Laplacian and soft clamping across the labels.
Read more in the User Guide.
Parameters:  kernel : {‘knn’, ‘rbf’, callable}
String identifier for kernel function to use or the kernel function itself. Only ‘rbf’ and ‘knn’ strings are valid inputs. The function passed should take two inputs, each of shape [n_samples, n_features], and return a [n_samples, n_samples] shaped weight matrix
 gamma : float
parameter for rbf kernel
 n_neighbors : integer > 0
parameter for knn kernel
 alpha : float
Clamping factor. A value in [0, 1] that specifies the relative amount that an instance should adopt the information from its neighbors as opposed to its initial label. alpha=0 means keeping the initial label information; alpha=1 means replacing all initial information.
 max_iter : integer
maximum number of iterations allowed
 tol : float
Convergence tolerance: threshold to consider the system at steady state
 n_jobs : int, optional (default = 1)
The number of parallel jobs to run. If
1
, then the number of jobs is set to the number of CPU cores.
Attributes:  X_ : array, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Input array.
 classes_ : array, shape = [n_classes]
The distinct labels used in classifying instances.
 label_distributions_ : array, shape = [n_samples, n_classes]
Categorical distribution for each item.
 transduction_ : array, shape = [n_samples]
Label assigned to each item via the transduction.
 n_iter_ : int
Number of iterations run.
See also
LabelPropagation
 Unregularized graph based semisupervised learning
References
Dengyong Zhou, Olivier Bousquet, Thomas Navin Lal, Jason Weston, Bernhard Schoelkopf. Learning with local and global consistency (2004) http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.115.3219
Examples
>>> import numpy as np >>> from sklearn import datasets >>> from sklearn.semi_supervised import LabelSpreading >>> label_prop_model = LabelSpreading() >>> iris = datasets.load_iris() >>> rng = np.random.RandomState(42) >>> random_unlabeled_points = rng.rand(len(iris.target)) < 0.3 >>> labels = np.copy(iris.target) >>> labels[random_unlabeled_points] = 1 >>> label_prop_model.fit(iris.data, labels) ... LabelSpreading(...)
Methods
fit
(X, y)Fit a semisupervised label propagation model based get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator. predict
(X)Performs inductive inference across the model. predict_proba
(X)Predict probability for each possible outcome. score
(X, y[, sample_weight])Returns the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels. set_params
(**params)Set the parameters of this estimator. 
__init__
(kernel=’rbf’, gamma=20, n_neighbors=7, alpha=0.2, max_iter=30, tol=0.001, n_jobs=1)[source]¶

fit
(X, y)[source]¶ Fit a semisupervised label propagation model based
All the input data is provided matrix X (labeled and unlabeled) and corresponding label matrix y with a dedicated marker value for unlabeled samples.
Parameters:  X : arraylike, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
A {n_samples by n_samples} size matrix will be created from this
 y : array_like, shape = [n_samples]
n_labeled_samples (unlabeled points are marked as 1) All unlabeled samples will be transductively assigned labels
Returns:  self : returns an instance of self.

get_params
(deep=True)[source]¶ Get parameters for this estimator.
Parameters:  deep : boolean, optional
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
Returns:  params : mapping of string to any
Parameter names mapped to their values.

predict
(X)[source]¶ Performs inductive inference across the model.
Parameters:  X : array_like, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Returns:  y : array_like, shape = [n_samples]
Predictions for input data

predict_proba
(X)[source]¶ Predict probability for each possible outcome.
Compute the probability estimates for each single sample in X and each possible outcome seen during training (categorical distribution).
Parameters:  X : array_like, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
Returns:  probabilities : array, shape = [n_samples, n_classes]
Normalized probability distributions across class labels

score
(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]¶ Returns the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.
In multilabel classification, this is the subset accuracy which is a harsh metric since you require for each sample that each label set be correctly predicted.
Parameters:  X : arraylike, shape = (n_samples, n_features)
Test samples.
 y : arraylike, shape = (n_samples) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
True labels for X.
 sample_weight : arraylike, shape = [n_samples], optional
Sample weights.
Returns:  score : float
Mean accuracy of self.predict(X) wrt. y.

set_params
(**params)[source]¶ Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form
<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.Returns:  self