sklearn.metrics.average_precision_score

sklearn.metrics.average_precision_score(y_true, y_score, average=’macro’, sample_weight=None)[source]

Compute average precision (AP) from prediction scores

AP summarizes a precision-recall curve as the weighted mean of precisions achieved at each threshold, with the increase in recall from the previous threshold used as the weight:

\text{AP} = \sum_n (R_n - R_{n-1}) P_n

where P_n and R_n are the precision and recall at the nth threshold [R473473]. This implementation is not interpolated and is different from computing the area under the precision-recall curve with the trapezoidal rule, which uses linear interpolation and can be too optimistic.

Note: this implementation is restricted to the binary classification task or multilabel classification task.

Read more in the User Guide.

Parameters:

y_true : array, shape = [n_samples] or [n_samples, n_classes]

True binary labels (either {0, 1} or {-1, 1}).

y_score : array, shape = [n_samples] or [n_samples, n_classes]

Target scores, can either be probability estimates of the positive class, confidence values, or non-thresholded measure of decisions (as returned by “decision_function” on some classifiers).

average : string, [None, ‘micro’, ‘macro’ (default), ‘samples’, ‘weighted’]

If None, the scores for each class are returned. Otherwise, this determines the type of averaging performed on the data:

'micro':

Calculate metrics globally by considering each element of the label indicator matrix as a label.

'macro':

Calculate metrics for each label, and find their unweighted mean. This does not take label imbalance into account.

'weighted':

Calculate metrics for each label, and find their average, weighted by support (the number of true instances for each label).

'samples':

Calculate metrics for each instance, and find their average.

sample_weight : array-like of shape = [n_samples], optional

Sample weights.

Returns:

average_precision : float

See also

roc_auc_score
Compute the area under the ROC curve
precision_recall_curve
Compute precision-recall pairs for different probability thresholds

References

[R473473](1, 2) Wikipedia entry for the Average precision

Examples

>>> import numpy as np
>>> from sklearn.metrics import average_precision_score
>>> y_true = np.array([0, 0, 1, 1])
>>> y_scores = np.array([0.1, 0.4, 0.35, 0.8])
>>> average_precision_score(y_true, y_scores)  
0.83...

Examples using sklearn.metrics.average_precision_score