sklearn.ensemble.RandomTreesEmbedding

class sklearn.ensemble.RandomTreesEmbedding(n_estimators=10, max_depth=5, min_samples_split=2, min_samples_leaf=1, min_weight_fraction_leaf=0.0, max_leaf_nodes=None, min_impurity_decrease=0.0, min_impurity_split=None, sparse_output=True, n_jobs=1, random_state=None, verbose=0, warm_start=False)[source]

An ensemble of totally random trees.

An unsupervised transformation of a dataset to a high-dimensional sparse representation. A datapoint is coded according to which leaf of each tree it is sorted into. Using a one-hot encoding of the leaves, this leads to a binary coding with as many ones as there are trees in the forest.

The dimensionality of the resulting representation is n_out <= n_estimators * max_leaf_nodes. If max_leaf_nodes == None, the number of leaf nodes is at most n_estimators * 2 ** max_depth.

Read more in the User Guide.

Parameters:
n_estimators : integer, optional (default=10)

Number of trees in the forest.

max_depth : integer, optional (default=5)

The maximum depth of each tree. If None, then nodes are expanded until all leaves are pure or until all leaves contain less than min_samples_split samples.

min_samples_split : int, float, optional (default=2)

The minimum number of samples required to split an internal node:

  • If int, then consider min_samples_split as the minimum number.
  • If float, then min_samples_split is a percentage and ceil(min_samples_split * n_samples) is the minimum number of samples for each split.

Changed in version 0.18: Added float values for percentages.

min_samples_leaf : int, float, optional (default=1)

The minimum number of samples required to be at a leaf node:

  • If int, then consider min_samples_leaf as the minimum number.
  • If float, then min_samples_leaf is a percentage and ceil(min_samples_leaf * n_samples) is the minimum number of samples for each node.

Changed in version 0.18: Added float values for percentages.

min_weight_fraction_leaf : float, optional (default=0.)

The minimum weighted fraction of the sum total of weights (of all the input samples) required to be at a leaf node. Samples have equal weight when sample_weight is not provided.

max_leaf_nodes : int or None, optional (default=None)

Grow trees with max_leaf_nodes in best-first fashion. Best nodes are defined as relative reduction in impurity. If None then unlimited number of leaf nodes.

min_impurity_split : float,

Threshold for early stopping in tree growth. A node will split if its impurity is above the threshold, otherwise it is a leaf.

Deprecated since version 0.19: min_impurity_split has been deprecated in favor of min_impurity_decrease in 0.19 and will be removed in 0.21. Use min_impurity_decrease instead.

min_impurity_decrease : float, optional (default=0.)

A node will be split if this split induces a decrease of the impurity greater than or equal to this value.

The weighted impurity decrease equation is the following:

N_t / N * (impurity - N_t_R / N_t * right_impurity
                    - N_t_L / N_t * left_impurity)

where N is the total number of samples, N_t is the number of samples at the current node, N_t_L is the number of samples in the left child, and N_t_R is the number of samples in the right child.

N, N_t, N_t_R and N_t_L all refer to the weighted sum, if sample_weight is passed.

New in version 0.19.

bootstrap : boolean, optional (default=True)

Whether bootstrap samples are used when building trees.

sparse_output : bool, optional (default=True)

Whether or not to return a sparse CSR matrix, as default behavior, or to return a dense array compatible with dense pipeline operators.

n_jobs : integer, optional (default=1)

The number of jobs to run in parallel for both fit and predict. If -1, then the number of jobs is set to the number of cores.

random_state : int, RandomState instance or None, optional (default=None)

If int, random_state is the seed used by the random number generator; If RandomState instance, random_state is the random number generator; If None, the random number generator is the RandomState instance used by np.random.

verbose : int, optional (default=0)

Controls the verbosity of the tree building process.

warm_start : bool, optional (default=False)

When set to True, reuse the solution of the previous call to fit and add more estimators to the ensemble, otherwise, just fit a whole new forest.

Attributes:
estimators_ : list of DecisionTreeClassifier

The collection of fitted sub-estimators.

References

[R195]P. Geurts, D. Ernst., and L. Wehenkel, “Extremely randomized trees”, Machine Learning, 63(1), 3-42, 2006.
[R196]Moosmann, F. and Triggs, B. and Jurie, F. “Fast discriminative visual codebooks using randomized clustering forests” NIPS 2007

Methods

apply(X) Apply trees in the forest to X, return leaf indices.
decision_path(X) Return the decision path in the forest
fit(X[, y, sample_weight]) Fit estimator.
fit_transform(X[, y, sample_weight]) Fit estimator and transform dataset.
get_params([deep]) Get parameters for this estimator.
set_params(**params) Set the parameters of this estimator.
transform(X) Transform dataset.
__init__(n_estimators=10, max_depth=5, min_samples_split=2, min_samples_leaf=1, min_weight_fraction_leaf=0.0, max_leaf_nodes=None, min_impurity_decrease=0.0, min_impurity_split=None, sparse_output=True, n_jobs=1, random_state=None, verbose=0, warm_start=False)[source]
apply(X)[source]

Apply trees in the forest to X, return leaf indices.

Parameters:
X : array-like or sparse matrix, shape = [n_samples, n_features]

The input samples. Internally, its dtype will be converted to dtype=np.float32. If a sparse matrix is provided, it will be converted into a sparse csr_matrix.

Returns:
X_leaves : array_like, shape = [n_samples, n_estimators]

For each datapoint x in X and for each tree in the forest, return the index of the leaf x ends up in.

decision_path(X)[source]

Return the decision path in the forest

New in version 0.18.

Parameters:
X : array-like or sparse matrix, shape = [n_samples, n_features]

The input samples. Internally, its dtype will be converted to dtype=np.float32. If a sparse matrix is provided, it will be converted into a sparse csr_matrix.

Returns:
indicator : sparse csr array, shape = [n_samples, n_nodes]

Return a node indicator matrix where non zero elements indicates that the samples goes through the nodes.

n_nodes_ptr : array of size (n_estimators + 1, )

The columns from indicator[n_nodes_ptr[i]:n_nodes_ptr[i+1]] gives the indicator value for the i-th estimator.

feature_importances_
Return the feature importances (the higher, the more important the
feature).
Returns:
feature_importances_ : array, shape = [n_features]
fit(X, y=None, sample_weight=None)[source]

Fit estimator.

Parameters:
X : array-like or sparse matrix, shape=(n_samples, n_features)

The input samples. Use dtype=np.float32 for maximum efficiency. Sparse matrices are also supported, use sparse csc_matrix for maximum efficiency.

sample_weight : array-like, shape = [n_samples] or None

Sample weights. If None, then samples are equally weighted. Splits that would create child nodes with net zero or negative weight are ignored while searching for a split in each node. In the case of classification, splits are also ignored if they would result in any single class carrying a negative weight in either child node.

Returns:
self : object

Returns self.

fit_transform(X, y=None, sample_weight=None)[source]

Fit estimator and transform dataset.

Parameters:
X : array-like or sparse matrix, shape=(n_samples, n_features)

Input data used to build forests. Use dtype=np.float32 for maximum efficiency.

sample_weight : array-like, shape = [n_samples] or None

Sample weights. If None, then samples are equally weighted. Splits that would create child nodes with net zero or negative weight are ignored while searching for a split in each node. In the case of classification, splits are also ignored if they would result in any single class carrying a negative weight in either child node.

Returns:
X_transformed : sparse matrix, shape=(n_samples, n_out)

Transformed dataset.

get_params(deep=True)[source]

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters:
deep : boolean, optional

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns:
params : mapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.

set_params(**params)[source]

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Returns:
self
transform(X)[source]

Transform dataset.

Parameters:
X : array-like or sparse matrix, shape=(n_samples, n_features)

Input data to be transformed. Use dtype=np.float32 for maximum efficiency. Sparse matrices are also supported, use sparse csr_matrix for maximum efficiency.

Returns:
X_transformed : sparse matrix, shape=(n_samples, n_out)

Transformed dataset.