sklearn.ensemble
.RandomTreesEmbedding¶

class
sklearn.ensemble.
RandomTreesEmbedding
(n_estimators=10, max_depth=5, min_samples_split=2, min_samples_leaf=1, min_weight_fraction_leaf=0.0, max_leaf_nodes=None, min_impurity_decrease=0.0, min_impurity_split=None, sparse_output=True, n_jobs=1, random_state=None, verbose=0, warm_start=False)[source]¶ An ensemble of totally random trees.
An unsupervised transformation of a dataset to a highdimensional sparse representation. A datapoint is coded according to which leaf of each tree it is sorted into. Using a onehot encoding of the leaves, this leads to a binary coding with as many ones as there are trees in the forest.
The dimensionality of the resulting representation is
n_out <= n_estimators * max_leaf_nodes
. Ifmax_leaf_nodes == None
, the number of leaf nodes is at mostn_estimators * 2 ** max_depth
.Read more in the User Guide.
Parameters: n_estimators : integer, optional (default=10)
Number of trees in the forest.
max_depth : integer, optional (default=5)
The maximum depth of each tree. If None, then nodes are expanded until all leaves are pure or until all leaves contain less than min_samples_split samples.
min_samples_split : int, float, optional (default=2)
The minimum number of samples required to split an internal node:
 If int, then consider min_samples_split as the minimum number.
 If float, then min_samples_split is a percentage and ceil(min_samples_split * n_samples) is the minimum number of samples for each split.
Changed in version 0.18: Added float values for percentages.
min_samples_leaf : int, float, optional (default=1)
The minimum number of samples required to be at a leaf node:
 If int, then consider min_samples_leaf as the minimum number.
 If float, then min_samples_leaf is a percentage and ceil(min_samples_leaf * n_samples) is the minimum number of samples for each node.
Changed in version 0.18: Added float values for percentages.
min_weight_fraction_leaf : float, optional (default=0.)
The minimum weighted fraction of the sum total of weights (of all the input samples) required to be at a leaf node. Samples have equal weight when sample_weight is not provided.
max_leaf_nodes : int or None, optional (default=None)
Grow trees with
max_leaf_nodes
in bestfirst fashion. Best nodes are defined as relative reduction in impurity. If None then unlimited number of leaf nodes.min_impurity_split : float,
Threshold for early stopping in tree growth. A node will split if its impurity is above the threshold, otherwise it is a leaf.
Deprecated since version 0.19:
min_impurity_split
has been deprecated in favor ofmin_impurity_decrease
in 0.19 and will be removed in 0.21. Usemin_impurity_decrease
instead.min_impurity_decrease : float, optional (default=0.)
A node will be split if this split induces a decrease of the impurity greater than or equal to this value.
The weighted impurity decrease equation is the following:
N_t / N * (impurity  N_t_R / N_t * right_impurity  N_t_L / N_t * left_impurity)
where
N
is the total number of samples,N_t
is the number of samples at the current node,N_t_L
is the number of samples in the left child, andN_t_R
is the number of samples in the right child.N
,N_t
,N_t_R
andN_t_L
all refer to the weighted sum, ifsample_weight
is passed.New in version 0.19.
bootstrap : boolean, optional (default=True)
Whether bootstrap samples are used when building trees.
sparse_output : bool, optional (default=True)
Whether or not to return a sparse CSR matrix, as default behavior, or to return a dense array compatible with dense pipeline operators.
n_jobs : integer, optional (default=1)
The number of jobs to run in parallel for both fit and predict. If 1, then the number of jobs is set to the number of cores.
random_state : int, RandomState instance or None, optional (default=None)
If int, random_state is the seed used by the random number generator; If RandomState instance, random_state is the random number generator; If None, the random number generator is the RandomState instance used by np.random.
verbose : int, optional (default=0)
Controls the verbosity of the tree building process.
warm_start : bool, optional (default=False)
When set to
True
, reuse the solution of the previous call to fit and add more estimators to the ensemble, otherwise, just fit a whole new forest.Attributes: estimators_ : list of DecisionTreeClassifier
The collection of fitted subestimators.
References
[R171] P. Geurts, D. Ernst., and L. Wehenkel, “Extremely randomized trees”, Machine Learning, 63(1), 342, 2006. [R172] Moosmann, F. and Triggs, B. and Jurie, F. “Fast discriminative visual codebooks using randomized clustering forests” NIPS 2007 Methods
apply
(X)Apply trees in the forest to X, return leaf indices. decision_path
(X)Return the decision path in the forest fit
(X[, y, sample_weight])Fit estimator. fit_transform
(X[, y, sample_weight])Fit estimator and transform dataset. get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator. set_params
(**params)Set the parameters of this estimator. transform
(X)Transform dataset. 
__init__
(n_estimators=10, max_depth=5, min_samples_split=2, min_samples_leaf=1, min_weight_fraction_leaf=0.0, max_leaf_nodes=None, min_impurity_decrease=0.0, min_impurity_split=None, sparse_output=True, n_jobs=1, random_state=None, verbose=0, warm_start=False)[source]¶

apply
(X)[source]¶ Apply trees in the forest to X, return leaf indices.
Parameters: X : arraylike or sparse matrix, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
The input samples. Internally, its dtype will be converted to
dtype=np.float32
. If a sparse matrix is provided, it will be converted into a sparsecsr_matrix
.Returns: X_leaves : array_like, shape = [n_samples, n_estimators]
For each datapoint x in X and for each tree in the forest, return the index of the leaf x ends up in.

decision_path
(X)[source]¶ Return the decision path in the forest
New in version 0.18.
Parameters: X : arraylike or sparse matrix, shape = [n_samples, n_features]
The input samples. Internally, its dtype will be converted to
dtype=np.float32
. If a sparse matrix is provided, it will be converted into a sparsecsr_matrix
.Returns: indicator : sparse csr array, shape = [n_samples, n_nodes]
Return a node indicator matrix where non zero elements indicates that the samples goes through the nodes.
n_nodes_ptr : array of size (n_estimators + 1, )
The columns from indicator[n_nodes_ptr[i]:n_nodes_ptr[i+1]] gives the indicator value for the ith estimator.

feature_importances_
¶  Return the feature importances (the higher, the more important the
 feature).
Returns: feature_importances_ : array, shape = [n_features]

fit
(X, y=None, sample_weight=None)[source]¶ Fit estimator.
Parameters: X : arraylike or sparse matrix, shape=(n_samples, n_features)
The input samples. Use
dtype=np.float32
for maximum efficiency. Sparse matrices are also supported, use sparsecsc_matrix
for maximum efficiency.Returns: self : object
Returns self.

fit_transform
(X, y=None, sample_weight=None)[source]¶ Fit estimator and transform dataset.
Parameters: X : arraylike or sparse matrix, shape=(n_samples, n_features)
Input data used to build forests. Use
dtype=np.float32
for maximum efficiency.Returns: X_transformed : sparse matrix, shape=(n_samples, n_out)
Transformed dataset.

get_params
(deep=True)[source]¶ Get parameters for this estimator.
Parameters: deep : boolean, optional
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
Returns: params : mapping of string to any
Parameter names mapped to their values.

set_params
(**params)[source]¶ Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form
<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.Returns: self :

transform
(X)[source]¶ Transform dataset.
Parameters: X : arraylike or sparse matrix, shape=(n_samples, n_features)
Input data to be transformed. Use
dtype=np.float32
for maximum efficiency. Sparse matrices are also supported, use sparsecsr_matrix
for maximum efficiency.Returns: X_transformed : sparse matrix, shape=(n_samples, n_out)
Transformed dataset.