SVM: Maximum margin separating hyperplane

Plot the maximum margin separating hyperplane within a two-class separable dataset using a Support Vector Machine classifier with linear kernel.

plot separating hyperplane
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sklearn import svm
from sklearn.datasets import make_blobs


# we create 40 separable points
X, y = make_blobs(n_samples=40, centers=2, random_state=6)

# fit the model, don't regularize for illustration purposes
clf = svm.SVC(kernel="linear", C=1000)
clf.fit(X, y)

plt.scatter(X[:, 0], X[:, 1], c=y, s=30, cmap=plt.cm.Paired)

# plot the decision function
ax = plt.gca()
xlim = ax.get_xlim()
ylim = ax.get_ylim()

# create grid to evaluate model
xx = np.linspace(xlim[0], xlim[1], 30)
yy = np.linspace(ylim[0], ylim[1], 30)
YY, XX = np.meshgrid(yy, xx)
xy = np.vstack([XX.ravel(), YY.ravel()]).T
Z = clf.decision_function(xy).reshape(XX.shape)

# plot decision boundary and margins
ax.contour(
    XX, YY, Z, colors="k", levels=[-1, 0, 1], alpha=0.5, linestyles=["--", "-", "--"]
)
# plot support vectors
ax.scatter(
    clf.support_vectors_[:, 0],
    clf.support_vectors_[:, 1],
    s=100,
    linewidth=1,
    facecolors="none",
    edgecolors="k",
)
plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.112 seconds)

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