Nearest Neighbors Classification

Sample usage of Nearest Neighbors classification. It will plot the decision boundaries for each class.

  • 3-Class classification (k = 15, weights = 'uniform')
  • 3-Class classification (k = 15, weights = 'distance')
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import seaborn as sns
from matplotlib.colors import ListedColormap
from sklearn import neighbors, datasets
from sklearn.inspection import DecisionBoundaryDisplay

n_neighbors = 15

# import some data to play with
iris = datasets.load_iris()

# we only take the first two features. We could avoid this ugly
# slicing by using a two-dim dataset
X = iris.data[:, :2]
y = iris.target

# Create color maps
cmap_light = ListedColormap(["orange", "cyan", "cornflowerblue"])
cmap_bold = ["darkorange", "c", "darkblue"]

for weights in ["uniform", "distance"]:
    # we create an instance of Neighbours Classifier and fit the data.
    clf = neighbors.KNeighborsClassifier(n_neighbors, weights=weights)
    clf.fit(X, y)

    _, ax = plt.subplots()
    DecisionBoundaryDisplay.from_estimator(
        clf,
        X,
        cmap=cmap_light,
        ax=ax,
        response_method="predict",
        plot_method="pcolormesh",
        xlabel=iris.feature_names[0],
        ylabel=iris.feature_names[1],
        shading="auto",
    )

    # Plot also the training points
    sns.scatterplot(
        x=X[:, 0],
        y=X[:, 1],
        hue=iris.target_names[y],
        palette=cmap_bold,
        alpha=1.0,
        edgecolor="black",
    )
    plt.title(
        "3-Class classification (k = %i, weights = '%s')" % (n_neighbors, weights)
    )

plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.482 seconds)

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