sklearn.svm
.SVR¶
- class sklearn.svm.SVR(*, kernel='rbf', degree=3, gamma='scale', coef0=0.0, tol=0.001, C=1.0, epsilon=0.1, shrinking=True, cache_size=200, verbose=False, max_iter=-1)[source]¶
Epsilon-Support Vector Regression.
The free parameters in the model are C and epsilon.
The implementation is based on libsvm. The fit time complexity is more than quadratic with the number of samples which makes it hard to scale to datasets with more than a couple of 10000 samples. For large datasets consider using
LinearSVR
orSGDRegressor
instead, possibly after aNystroem
transformer or other Kernel Approximation.Read more in the User Guide.
- Parameters:
- kernel{‘linear’, ‘poly’, ‘rbf’, ‘sigmoid’, ‘precomputed’} or callable, default=’rbf’
Specifies the kernel type to be used in the algorithm. If none is given, ‘rbf’ will be used. If a callable is given it is used to precompute the kernel matrix.
- degreeint, default=3
Degree of the polynomial kernel function (‘poly’). Must be non-negative. Ignored by all other kernels.
- gamma{‘scale’, ‘auto’} or float, default=’scale’
Kernel coefficient for ‘rbf’, ‘poly’ and ‘sigmoid’.
if
gamma='scale'
(default) is passed then it uses 1 / (n_features * X.var()) as value of gamma,if ‘auto’, uses 1 / n_features
if float, must be non-negative.
Changed in version 0.22: The default value of
gamma
changed from ‘auto’ to ‘scale’.- coef0float, default=0.0
Independent term in kernel function. It is only significant in ‘poly’ and ‘sigmoid’.
- tolfloat, default=1e-3
Tolerance for stopping criterion.
- Cfloat, default=1.0
Regularization parameter. The strength of the regularization is inversely proportional to C. Must be strictly positive. The penalty is a squared l2 penalty.
- epsilonfloat, default=0.1
Epsilon in the epsilon-SVR model. It specifies the epsilon-tube within which no penalty is associated in the training loss function with points predicted within a distance epsilon from the actual value. Must be non-negative.
- shrinkingbool, default=True
Whether to use the shrinking heuristic. See the User Guide.
- cache_sizefloat, default=200
Specify the size of the kernel cache (in MB).
- verbosebool, default=False
Enable verbose output. Note that this setting takes advantage of a per-process runtime setting in libsvm that, if enabled, may not work properly in a multithreaded context.
- max_iterint, default=-1
Hard limit on iterations within solver, or -1 for no limit.
- Attributes:
- class_weight_ndarray of shape (n_classes,)
Multipliers of parameter C for each class. Computed based on the
class_weight
parameter.Deprecated since version 1.2:
class_weight_
was deprecated in version 1.2 and will be removed in 1.4.coef_
ndarray of shape (1, n_features)Weights assigned to the features when
kernel="linear"
.- dual_coef_ndarray of shape (1, n_SV)
Coefficients of the support vector in the decision function.
- fit_status_int
0 if correctly fitted, 1 otherwise (will raise warning)
- intercept_ndarray of shape (1,)
Constants in decision function.
- n_features_in_int
Number of features seen during fit.
New in version 0.24.
- feature_names_in_ndarray of shape (
n_features_in_
,) Names of features seen during fit. Defined only when
X
has feature names that are all strings.New in version 1.0.
- n_iter_int
Number of iterations run by the optimization routine to fit the model.
New in version 1.1.
n_support_
ndarray of shape (1,), dtype=int32Number of support vectors for each class.
- shape_fit_tuple of int of shape (n_dimensions_of_X,)
Array dimensions of training vector
X
.- support_ndarray of shape (n_SV,)
Indices of support vectors.
- support_vectors_ndarray of shape (n_SV, n_features)
Support vectors.
See also
References
Examples
>>> from sklearn.svm import SVR >>> from sklearn.pipeline import make_pipeline >>> from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler >>> import numpy as np >>> n_samples, n_features = 10, 5 >>> rng = np.random.RandomState(0) >>> y = rng.randn(n_samples) >>> X = rng.randn(n_samples, n_features) >>> regr = make_pipeline(StandardScaler(), SVR(C=1.0, epsilon=0.2)) >>> regr.fit(X, y) Pipeline(steps=[('standardscaler', StandardScaler()), ('svr', SVR(epsilon=0.2))])
Methods
fit
(X, y[, sample_weight])Fit the SVM model according to the given training data.
Get metadata routing of this object.
get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator.
predict
(X)Perform regression on samples in X.
score
(X, y[, sample_weight])Return the coefficient of determination of the prediction.
set_fit_request
(*[, sample_weight])Request metadata passed to the
fit
method.set_params
(**params)Set the parameters of this estimator.
set_score_request
(*[, sample_weight])Request metadata passed to the
score
method.- property coef_¶
Weights assigned to the features when
kernel="linear"
.- Returns:
- ndarray of shape (n_features, n_classes)
- fit(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]¶
Fit the SVM model according to the given training data.
- Parameters:
- X{array-like, sparse matrix} of shape (n_samples, n_features) or (n_samples, n_samples)
Training vectors, where
n_samples
is the number of samples andn_features
is the number of features. For kernel=”precomputed”, the expected shape of X is (n_samples, n_samples).- yarray-like of shape (n_samples,)
Target values (class labels in classification, real numbers in regression).
- sample_weightarray-like of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Per-sample weights. Rescale C per sample. Higher weights force the classifier to put more emphasis on these points.
- Returns:
- selfobject
Fitted estimator.
Notes
If X and y are not C-ordered and contiguous arrays of np.float64 and X is not a scipy.sparse.csr_matrix, X and/or y may be copied.
If X is a dense array, then the other methods will not support sparse matrices as input.
- get_metadata_routing()[source]¶
Get metadata routing of this object.
Please check User Guide on how the routing mechanism works.
- Returns:
- routingMetadataRequest
A
MetadataRequest
encapsulating routing information.
- get_params(deep=True)[source]¶
Get parameters for this estimator.
- Parameters:
- deepbool, default=True
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
- Returns:
- paramsdict
Parameter names mapped to their values.
- property n_support_¶
Number of support vectors for each class.
- predict(X)[source]¶
Perform regression on samples in X.
For an one-class model, +1 (inlier) or -1 (outlier) is returned.
- Parameters:
- X{array-like, sparse matrix} of shape (n_samples, n_features)
For kernel=”precomputed”, the expected shape of X is (n_samples_test, n_samples_train).
- Returns:
- y_predndarray of shape (n_samples,)
The predicted values.
- score(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]¶
Return the coefficient of determination of the prediction.
The coefficient of determination \(R^2\) is defined as \((1 - \frac{u}{v})\), where \(u\) is the residual sum of squares
((y_true - y_pred)** 2).sum()
and \(v\) is the total sum of squares((y_true - y_true.mean()) ** 2).sum()
. The best possible score is 1.0 and it can be negative (because the model can be arbitrarily worse). A constant model that always predicts the expected value ofy
, disregarding the input features, would get a \(R^2\) score of 0.0.- Parameters:
- Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Test samples. For some estimators this may be a precomputed kernel matrix or a list of generic objects instead with shape
(n_samples, n_samples_fitted)
, wheren_samples_fitted
is the number of samples used in the fitting for the estimator.- yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
True values for
X
.- sample_weightarray-like of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Sample weights.
- Returns:
- scorefloat
\(R^2\) of
self.predict(X)
w.r.t.y
.
Notes
The \(R^2\) score used when calling
score
on a regressor usesmultioutput='uniform_average'
from version 0.23 to keep consistent with default value ofr2_score
. This influences thescore
method of all the multioutput regressors (except forMultiOutputRegressor
).
- set_fit_request(*, sample_weight: Union[bool, None, str] = '$UNCHANGED$') SVR [source]¶
Request metadata passed to the
fit
method.Note that this method is only relevant if
enable_metadata_routing=True
(seesklearn.set_config
). Please see User Guide on how the routing mechanism works.The options for each parameter are:
True
: metadata is requested, and passed tofit
if provided. The request is ignored if metadata is not provided.False
: metadata is not requested and the meta-estimator will not pass it tofit
.None
: metadata is not requested, and the meta-estimator will raise an error if the user provides it.str
: metadata should be passed to the meta-estimator with this given alias instead of the original name.
The default (
sklearn.utils.metadata_routing.UNCHANGED
) retains the existing request. This allows you to change the request for some parameters and not others.New in version 1.3.
Note
This method is only relevant if this estimator is used as a sub-estimator of a meta-estimator, e.g. used inside a
Pipeline
. Otherwise it has no effect.- Parameters:
- sample_weightstr, True, False, or None, default=sklearn.utils.metadata_routing.UNCHANGED
Metadata routing for
sample_weight
parameter infit
.
- Returns:
- selfobject
The updated object.
- set_params(**params)[source]¶
Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as
Pipeline
). The latter have parameters of the form<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.- Parameters:
- **paramsdict
Estimator parameters.
- Returns:
- selfestimator instance
Estimator instance.
- set_score_request(*, sample_weight: Union[bool, None, str] = '$UNCHANGED$') SVR [source]¶
Request metadata passed to the
score
method.Note that this method is only relevant if
enable_metadata_routing=True
(seesklearn.set_config
). Please see User Guide on how the routing mechanism works.The options for each parameter are:
True
: metadata is requested, and passed toscore
if provided. The request is ignored if metadata is not provided.False
: metadata is not requested and the meta-estimator will not pass it toscore
.None
: metadata is not requested, and the meta-estimator will raise an error if the user provides it.str
: metadata should be passed to the meta-estimator with this given alias instead of the original name.
The default (
sklearn.utils.metadata_routing.UNCHANGED
) retains the existing request. This allows you to change the request for some parameters and not others.New in version 1.3.
Note
This method is only relevant if this estimator is used as a sub-estimator of a meta-estimator, e.g. used inside a
Pipeline
. Otherwise it has no effect.- Parameters:
- sample_weightstr, True, False, or None, default=sklearn.utils.metadata_routing.UNCHANGED
Metadata routing for
sample_weight
parameter inscore
.
- Returns:
- selfobject
The updated object.
Examples using sklearn.svm.SVR
¶
Comparison of kernel ridge regression and SVR
Support Vector Regression (SVR) using linear and non-linear kernels