sklearn.preprocessing
.Normalizer¶
- class sklearn.preprocessing.Normalizer(norm='l2', *, copy=True)[source]¶
Normalize samples individually to unit norm.
Each sample (i.e. each row of the data matrix) with at least one non zero component is rescaled independently of other samples so that its norm (l1, l2 or inf) equals one.
This transformer is able to work both with dense numpy arrays and scipy.sparse matrix (use CSR format if you want to avoid the burden of a copy / conversion).
Scaling inputs to unit norms is a common operation for text classification or clustering for instance. For instance the dot product of two l2-normalized TF-IDF vectors is the cosine similarity of the vectors and is the base similarity metric for the Vector Space Model commonly used by the Information Retrieval community.
Read more in the User Guide.
- Parameters:
- norm{‘l1’, ‘l2’, ‘max’}, default=’l2’
The norm to use to normalize each non zero sample. If norm=’max’ is used, values will be rescaled by the maximum of the absolute values.
- copybool, default=True
Set to False to perform inplace row normalization and avoid a copy (if the input is already a numpy array or a scipy.sparse CSR matrix).
- Attributes:
See also
normalize
Equivalent function without the estimator API.
Notes
This estimator is stateless (besides constructor parameters), the fit method does nothing but is useful when used in a pipeline.
For a comparison of the different scalers, transformers, and normalizers, see examples/preprocessing/plot_all_scaling.py.
Examples
>>> from sklearn.preprocessing import Normalizer >>> X = [[4, 1, 2, 2], ... [1, 3, 9, 3], ... [5, 7, 5, 1]] >>> transformer = Normalizer().fit(X) # fit does nothing. >>> transformer Normalizer() >>> transformer.transform(X) array([[0.8, 0.2, 0.4, 0.4], [0.1, 0.3, 0.9, 0.3], [0.5, 0.7, 0.5, 0.1]])
Methods
fit
(X[, y])Do nothing and return the estimator unchanged.
fit_transform
(X[, y])Fit to data, then transform it.
get_feature_names_out
([input_features])Get output feature names for transformation.
get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator.
set_params
(**params)Set the parameters of this estimator.
transform
(X[, copy])Scale each non zero row of X to unit norm.
- fit(X, y=None)[source]¶
Do nothing and return the estimator unchanged.
This method is just there to implement the usual API and hence work in pipelines.
- Parameters:
- X{array-like, sparse matrix} of shape (n_samples, n_features)
The data to estimate the normalization parameters.
- yIgnored
Not used, present here for API consistency by convention.
- Returns:
- selfobject
Fitted transformer.
- fit_transform(X, y=None, **fit_params)[source]¶
Fit to data, then transform it.
Fits transformer to
X
andy
with optional parametersfit_params
and returns a transformed version ofX
.- Parameters:
- Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Input samples.
- yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs), default=None
Target values (None for unsupervised transformations).
- **fit_paramsdict
Additional fit parameters.
- Returns:
- X_newndarray array of shape (n_samples, n_features_new)
Transformed array.
- get_feature_names_out(input_features=None)[source]¶
Get output feature names for transformation.
- Parameters:
- input_featuresarray-like of str or None, default=None
Input features.
If
input_features
isNone
, thenfeature_names_in_
is used as feature names in. Iffeature_names_in_
is not defined, then the following input feature names are generated:["x0", "x1", ..., "x(n_features_in_ - 1)"]
.If
input_features
is an array-like, theninput_features
must matchfeature_names_in_
iffeature_names_in_
is defined.
- Returns:
- feature_names_outndarray of str objects
Same as input features.
- get_params(deep=True)[source]¶
Get parameters for this estimator.
- Parameters:
- deepbool, default=True
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
- Returns:
- paramsdict
Parameter names mapped to their values.
- set_params(**params)[source]¶
Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as
Pipeline
). The latter have parameters of the form<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.- Parameters:
- **paramsdict
Estimator parameters.
- Returns:
- selfestimator instance
Estimator instance.
- transform(X, copy=None)[source]¶
Scale each non zero row of X to unit norm.
- Parameters:
- X{array-like, sparse matrix} of shape (n_samples, n_features)
The data to normalize, row by row. scipy.sparse matrices should be in CSR format to avoid an un-necessary copy.
- copybool, default=None
Copy the input X or not.
- Returns:
- X_tr{ndarray, sparse matrix} of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Transformed array.
Examples using sklearn.preprocessing.Normalizer
¶
Scalable learning with polynomial kernel approximation
Compare the effect of different scalers on data with outliers
Clustering text documents using k-means