sklearn.neighbors
.NearestCentroid¶

class
sklearn.neighbors.
NearestCentroid
(metric='euclidean', *, shrink_threshold=None)[source]¶ Nearest centroid classifier.
Each class is represented by its centroid, with test samples classified to the class with the nearest centroid.
Read more in the User Guide.
 Parameters
 metricstr or callable
The metric to use when calculating distance between instances in a feature array. If metric is a string or callable, it must be one of the options allowed by metrics.pairwise.pairwise_distances for its metric parameter. The centroids for the samples corresponding to each class is the point from which the sum of the distances (according to the metric) of all samples that belong to that particular class are minimized. If the “manhattan” metric is provided, this centroid is the median and for all other metrics, the centroid is now set to be the mean.
Changed in version 0.19:
metric='precomputed'
was deprecated and now raises an error shrink_thresholdfloat, default=None
Threshold for shrinking centroids to remove features.
 Attributes
 centroids_arraylike of shape (n_classes, n_features)
Centroid of each class.
 classes_array of shape (n_classes,)
The unique classes labels.
See also
KNeighborsClassifier
Nearest neighbors classifier.
Notes
When used for text classification with tfidf vectors, this classifier is also known as the Rocchio classifier.
References
Tibshirani, R., Hastie, T., Narasimhan, B., & Chu, G. (2002). Diagnosis of multiple cancer types by shrunken centroids of gene expression. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(10), 65676572. The National Academy of Sciences.
Examples
>>> from sklearn.neighbors import NearestCentroid >>> import numpy as np >>> X = np.array([[1, 1], [2, 1], [3, 2], [1, 1], [2, 1], [3, 2]]) >>> y = np.array([1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2]) >>> clf = NearestCentroid() >>> clf.fit(X, y) NearestCentroid() >>> print(clf.predict([[0.8, 1]])) [1]
Methods
fit
(X, y)Fit the NearestCentroid model according to the given training data.
get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator.
predict
(X)Perform classification on an array of test vectors X.
score
(X, y[, sample_weight])Return the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.
set_params
(**params)Set the parameters of this estimator.

fit
(X, y)[source]¶ Fit the NearestCentroid model according to the given training data.
 Parameters
 X{arraylike, sparse matrix} of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training vector, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features. Note that centroid shrinking cannot be used with sparse matrices.
 yarraylike of shape (n_samples,)
Target values (integers)

get_params
(deep=True)[source]¶ Get parameters for this estimator.
 Parameters
 deepbool, default=True
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
 Returns
 paramsdict
Parameter names mapped to their values.

predict
(X)[source]¶ Perform classification on an array of test vectors X.
The predicted class C for each sample in X is returned.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
 Returns
 Cndarray of shape (n_samples,)
Notes
If the metric constructor parameter is “precomputed”, X is assumed to be the distance matrix between the data to be predicted and
self.centroids_
.

score
(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]¶ Return the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.
In multilabel classification, this is the subset accuracy which is a harsh metric since you require for each sample that each label set be correctly predicted.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Test samples.
 yarraylike of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
True labels for
X
. sample_weightarraylike of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Sample weights.
 Returns
 scorefloat
Mean accuracy of
self.predict(X)
wrt.y
.

set_params
(**params)[source]¶ Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as
Pipeline
). The latter have parameters of the form<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object. Parameters
 **paramsdict
Estimator parameters.
 Returns
 selfestimator instance
Estimator instance.