sklearn.cluster
.AgglomerativeClustering¶
- class sklearn.cluster.AgglomerativeClustering(n_clusters=2, *, affinity='deprecated', metric=None, memory=None, connectivity=None, compute_full_tree='auto', linkage='ward', distance_threshold=None, compute_distances=False)[source]¶
Agglomerative Clustering.
Recursively merges pair of clusters of sample data; uses linkage distance.
Read more in the User Guide.
- Parameters:
- n_clustersint or None, default=2
The number of clusters to find. It must be
None
ifdistance_threshold
is notNone
.- affinitystr or callable, default=’euclidean’
The metric to use when calculating distance between instances in a feature array. If metric is a string or callable, it must be one of the options allowed by
sklearn.metrics.pairwise_distances
for its metric parameter. If linkage is “ward”, only “euclidean” is accepted. If “precomputed”, a distance matrix (instead of a similarity matrix) is needed as input for the fit method.Deprecated since version 1.2:
affinity
was deprecated in version 1.2 and will be renamed tometric
in 1.4.- metricstr or callable, default=None
Metric used to compute the linkage. Can be “euclidean”, “l1”, “l2”, “manhattan”, “cosine”, or “precomputed”. If set to
None
then “euclidean” is used. If linkage is “ward”, only “euclidean” is accepted. If “precomputed”, a distance matrix is needed as input for the fit method.New in version 1.2.
- memorystr or object with the joblib.Memory interface, default=None
Used to cache the output of the computation of the tree. By default, no caching is done. If a string is given, it is the path to the caching directory.
- connectivityarray-like or callable, default=None
Connectivity matrix. Defines for each sample the neighboring samples following a given structure of the data. This can be a connectivity matrix itself or a callable that transforms the data into a connectivity matrix, such as derived from
kneighbors_graph
. Default isNone
, i.e, the hierarchical clustering algorithm is unstructured.- compute_full_tree‘auto’ or bool, default=’auto’
Stop early the construction of the tree at
n_clusters
. This is useful to decrease computation time if the number of clusters is not small compared to the number of samples. This option is useful only when specifying a connectivity matrix. Note also that when varying the number of clusters and using caching, it may be advantageous to compute the full tree. It must beTrue
ifdistance_threshold
is notNone
. By defaultcompute_full_tree
is “auto”, which is equivalent toTrue
whendistance_threshold
is notNone
or thatn_clusters
is inferior to the maximum between 100 or0.02 * n_samples
. Otherwise, “auto” is equivalent toFalse
.- linkage{‘ward’, ‘complete’, ‘average’, ‘single’}, default=’ward’
Which linkage criterion to use. The linkage criterion determines which distance to use between sets of observation. The algorithm will merge the pairs of cluster that minimize this criterion.
‘ward’ minimizes the variance of the clusters being merged.
‘average’ uses the average of the distances of each observation of the two sets.
‘complete’ or ‘maximum’ linkage uses the maximum distances between all observations of the two sets.
‘single’ uses the minimum of the distances between all observations of the two sets.
New in version 0.20: Added the ‘single’ option
- distance_thresholdfloat, default=None
The linkage distance threshold at or above which clusters will not be merged. If not
None
,n_clusters
must beNone
andcompute_full_tree
must beTrue
.New in version 0.21.
- compute_distancesbool, default=False
Computes distances between clusters even if
distance_threshold
is not used. This can be used to make dendrogram visualization, but introduces a computational and memory overhead.New in version 0.24.
- Attributes:
- n_clusters_int
The number of clusters found by the algorithm. If
distance_threshold=None
, it will be equal to the givenn_clusters
.- labels_ndarray of shape (n_samples)
Cluster labels for each point.
- n_leaves_int
Number of leaves in the hierarchical tree.
- n_connected_components_int
The estimated number of connected components in the graph.
New in version 0.21:
n_connected_components_
was added to replacen_components_
.- n_features_in_int
Number of features seen during fit.
New in version 0.24.
- feature_names_in_ndarray of shape (
n_features_in_
,) Names of features seen during fit. Defined only when
X
has feature names that are all strings.New in version 1.0.
- children_array-like of shape (n_samples-1, 2)
The children of each non-leaf node. Values less than
n_samples
correspond to leaves of the tree which are the original samples. A nodei
greater than or equal ton_samples
is a non-leaf node and has childrenchildren_[i - n_samples]
. Alternatively at the i-th iteration, children[i][0] and children[i][1] are merged to form noden_samples + i
.- distances_array-like of shape (n_nodes-1,)
Distances between nodes in the corresponding place in
children_
. Only computed ifdistance_threshold
is used orcompute_distances
is set toTrue
.
See also
FeatureAgglomeration
Agglomerative clustering but for features instead of samples.
ward_tree
Hierarchical clustering with ward linkage.
Examples
>>> from sklearn.cluster import AgglomerativeClustering >>> import numpy as np >>> X = np.array([[1, 2], [1, 4], [1, 0], ... [4, 2], [4, 4], [4, 0]]) >>> clustering = AgglomerativeClustering().fit(X) >>> clustering AgglomerativeClustering() >>> clustering.labels_ array([1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0])
Methods
fit
(X[, y])Fit the hierarchical clustering from features, or distance matrix.
fit_predict
(X[, y])Fit and return the result of each sample's clustering assignment.
Get metadata routing of this object.
get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator.
set_params
(**params)Set the parameters of this estimator.
- fit(X, y=None)[source]¶
Fit the hierarchical clustering from features, or distance matrix.
- Parameters:
- Xarray-like, shape (n_samples, n_features) or (n_samples, n_samples)
Training instances to cluster, or distances between instances if
metric='precomputed'
.- yIgnored
Not used, present here for API consistency by convention.
- Returns:
- selfobject
Returns the fitted instance.
- fit_predict(X, y=None)[source]¶
Fit and return the result of each sample’s clustering assignment.
In addition to fitting, this method also return the result of the clustering assignment for each sample in the training set.
- Parameters:
- Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features) or (n_samples, n_samples)
Training instances to cluster, or distances between instances if
affinity='precomputed'
.- yIgnored
Not used, present here for API consistency by convention.
- Returns:
- labelsndarray of shape (n_samples,)
Cluster labels.
- get_metadata_routing()[source]¶
Get metadata routing of this object.
Please check User Guide on how the routing mechanism works.
- Returns:
- routingMetadataRequest
A
MetadataRequest
encapsulating routing information.
- get_params(deep=True)[source]¶
Get parameters for this estimator.
- Parameters:
- deepbool, default=True
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
- Returns:
- paramsdict
Parameter names mapped to their values.
- set_params(**params)[source]¶
Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as
Pipeline
). The latter have parameters of the form<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.- Parameters:
- **paramsdict
Estimator parameters.
- Returns:
- selfestimator instance
Estimator instance.
Examples using sklearn.cluster.AgglomerativeClustering
¶
A demo of structured Ward hierarchical clustering on an image of coins
Agglomerative clustering with and without structure
Agglomerative clustering with different metrics
Comparing different clustering algorithms on toy datasets
Comparing different hierarchical linkage methods on toy datasets
Hierarchical clustering: structured vs unstructured ward
Plot Hierarchical Clustering Dendrogram
Various Agglomerative Clustering on a 2D embedding of digits