sklearn.naive_bayes
.GaussianNB¶

class
sklearn.naive_bayes.
GaussianNB
(*, priors=None, var_smoothing=1e09)[source]¶ Gaussian Naive Bayes (GaussianNB)
Can perform online updates to model parameters via
partial_fit
. For details on algorithm used to update feature means and variance online, see Stanford CS tech report STANCS79773 by Chan, Golub, and LeVeque:Read more in the User Guide.
 Parameters
 priorsarraylike of shape (n_classes,)
Prior probabilities of the classes. If specified the priors are not adjusted according to the data.
 var_smoothingfloat, default=1e9
Portion of the largest variance of all features that is added to variances for calculation stability.
New in version 0.20.
 Attributes
 class_count_ndarray of shape (n_classes,)
number of training samples observed in each class.
 class_prior_ndarray of shape (n_classes,)
probability of each class.
 classes_ndarray of shape (n_classes,)
class labels known to the classifier
 epsilon_float
absolute additive value to variances
 sigma_ndarray of shape (n_classes, n_features)
variance of each feature per class
 theta_ndarray of shape (n_classes, n_features)
mean of each feature per class
Examples
>>> import numpy as np >>> X = np.array([[1, 1], [2, 1], [3, 2], [1, 1], [2, 1], [3, 2]]) >>> Y = np.array([1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2]) >>> from sklearn.naive_bayes import GaussianNB >>> clf = GaussianNB() >>> clf.fit(X, Y) GaussianNB() >>> print(clf.predict([[0.8, 1]])) [1] >>> clf_pf = GaussianNB() >>> clf_pf.partial_fit(X, Y, np.unique(Y)) GaussianNB() >>> print(clf_pf.predict([[0.8, 1]])) [1]
Methods
fit
(X, y[, sample_weight])Fit Gaussian Naive Bayes according to X, y
get_params
([deep])Get parameters for this estimator.
partial_fit
(X, y[, classes, sample_weight])Incremental fit on a batch of samples.
predict
(X)Perform classification on an array of test vectors X.
Return logprobability estimates for the test vector X.
Return probability estimates for the test vector X.
score
(X, y[, sample_weight])Return the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.
set_params
(**params)Set the parameters of this estimator.

fit
(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]¶ Fit Gaussian Naive Bayes according to X, y
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features.
 yarraylike of shape (n_samples,)
Target values.
 sample_weightarraylike of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Weights applied to individual samples (1. for unweighted).
New in version 0.17: Gaussian Naive Bayes supports fitting with sample_weight.
 Returns
 selfobject

get_params
(deep=True)[source]¶ Get parameters for this estimator.
 Parameters
 deepbool, default=True
If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.
 Returns
 paramsdict
Parameter names mapped to their values.

partial_fit
(X, y, classes=None, sample_weight=None)[source]¶ Incremental fit on a batch of samples.
This method is expected to be called several times consecutively on different chunks of a dataset so as to implement outofcore or online learning.
This is especially useful when the whole dataset is too big to fit in memory at once.
This method has some performance and numerical stability overhead, hence it is better to call partial_fit on chunks of data that are as large as possible (as long as fitting in the memory budget) to hide the overhead.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Training vectors, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features.
 yarraylike of shape (n_samples,)
Target values.
 classesarraylike of shape (n_classes,), default=None
List of all the classes that can possibly appear in the y vector.
Must be provided at the first call to partial_fit, can be omitted in subsequent calls.
 sample_weightarraylike of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Weights applied to individual samples (1. for unweighted).
New in version 0.17.
 Returns
 selfobject

predict
(X)[source]¶ Perform classification on an array of test vectors X.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
 Returns
 Cndarray of shape (n_samples,)
Predicted target values for X

predict_log_proba
(X)[source]¶ Return logprobability estimates for the test vector X.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
 Returns
 Carraylike of shape (n_samples, n_classes)
Returns the logprobability of the samples for each class in the model. The columns correspond to the classes in sorted order, as they appear in the attribute classes_.

predict_proba
(X)[source]¶ Return probability estimates for the test vector X.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
 Returns
 Carraylike of shape (n_samples, n_classes)
Returns the probability of the samples for each class in the model. The columns correspond to the classes in sorted order, as they appear in the attribute classes_.

score
(X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]¶ Return the mean accuracy on the given test data and labels.
In multilabel classification, this is the subset accuracy which is a harsh metric since you require for each sample that each label set be correctly predicted.
 Parameters
 Xarraylike of shape (n_samples, n_features)
Test samples.
 yarraylike of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
True labels for
X
. sample_weightarraylike of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Sample weights.
 Returns
 scorefloat
Mean accuracy of
self.predict(X)
wrt.y
.

set_params
(**params)[source]¶ Set the parameters of this estimator.
The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as
Pipeline
). The latter have parameters of the form<component>__<parameter>
so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object. Parameters
 **paramsdict
Estimator parameters.
 Returns
 selfestimator instance
Estimator instance.