SVM: Separating hyperplane for unbalanced classesΒΆ

Find the optimal separating hyperplane using an SVC for classes that are unbalanced.

We first find the separating plane with a plain SVC and then plot (dashed) the separating hyperplane with automatically correction for unbalanced classes.

Note

This example will also work by replacing SVC(kernel="linear") with SGDClassifier(loss="hinge"). Setting the loss parameter of the SGDClassifier equal to hinge will yield behaviour such as that of a SVC with a linear kernel.

For example try instead of the SVC:

clf = SGDClassifier(n_iter=100, alpha=0.01)
../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_separating_hyperplane_unbalanced_001.png
print(__doc__)

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sklearn import svm
#from sklearn.linear_model import SGDClassifier

# we create 40 separable points
rng = np.random.RandomState(0)
n_samples_1 = 1000
n_samples_2 = 100
X = np.r_[1.5 * rng.randn(n_samples_1, 2),
          0.5 * rng.randn(n_samples_2, 2) + [2, 2]]
y = [0] * (n_samples_1) + [1] * (n_samples_2)

# fit the model and get the separating hyperplane
clf = svm.SVC(kernel='linear', C=1.0)
clf.fit(X, y)

w = clf.coef_[0]
a = -w[0] / w[1]
xx = np.linspace(-5, 5)
yy = a * xx - clf.intercept_[0] / w[1]


# get the separating hyperplane using weighted classes
wclf = svm.SVC(kernel='linear', class_weight={1: 10})
wclf.fit(X, y)

ww = wclf.coef_[0]
wa = -ww[0] / ww[1]
wyy = wa * xx - wclf.intercept_[0] / ww[1]

# plot separating hyperplanes and samples
h0 = plt.plot(xx, yy, 'k-', label='no weights')
h1 = plt.plot(xx, wyy, 'k--', label='with weights')
plt.scatter(X[:, 0], X[:, 1], c=y, cmap=plt.cm.Paired, edgecolors='k')
plt.legend()

plt.axis('tight')
plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.091 seconds)

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