sklearn.linear_model.lars_path(X, y, Xy=None, Gram=None, max_iter=500, alpha_min=0, method='lar', copy_X=True, eps=2.2204460492503131e-16, copy_Gram=True, verbose=0, return_path=True, return_n_iter=False, positive=False)[source]

Compute Least Angle Regression or Lasso path using LARS algorithm [1]

The optimization objective for the case method=’lasso’ is:

(1 / (2 * n_samples)) * ||y - Xw||^2_2 + alpha * ||w||_1

in the case of method=’lars’, the objective function is only known in the form of an implicit equation (see discussion in [1])

Read more in the User Guide.


X : array, shape: (n_samples, n_features)

Input data.

y : array, shape: (n_samples)

Input targets.

positive : boolean (default=False)

Restrict coefficients to be >= 0. When using this option together with method ‘lasso’ the model coefficients will not converge to the ordinary-least-squares solution for small values of alpha (neither will they when using method ‘lar’ ..). Only coefficients up to the smallest alpha value (alphas_[alphas_ > 0.].min() when fit_path=True) reached by the stepwise Lars-Lasso algorithm are typically in congruence with the solution of the coordinate descent lasso_path function.

max_iter : integer, optional (default=500)

Maximum number of iterations to perform, set to infinity for no limit.

Gram : None, ‘auto’, array, shape: (n_features, n_features), optional

Precomputed Gram matrix (X’ * X), if 'auto', the Gram matrix is precomputed from the given X, if there are more samples than features.

alpha_min : float, optional (default=0)

Minimum correlation along the path. It corresponds to the regularization parameter alpha parameter in the Lasso.

method : {‘lar’, ‘lasso’}, optional (default=’lar’)

Specifies the returned model. Select 'lar' for Least Angle Regression, 'lasso' for the Lasso.

eps : float, optional (default=``np.finfo(np.float).eps``)

The machine-precision regularization in the computation of the Cholesky diagonal factors. Increase this for very ill-conditioned systems.

copy_X : bool, optional (default=True)

If False, X is overwritten.

copy_Gram : bool, optional (default=True)

If False, Gram is overwritten.

verbose : int (default=0)

Controls output verbosity.

return_path : bool, optional (default=True)

If return_path==True returns the entire path, else returns only the last point of the path.

return_n_iter : bool, optional (default=False)

Whether to return the number of iterations.


alphas : array, shape: [n_alphas + 1]

Maximum of covariances (in absolute value) at each iteration. n_alphas is either max_iter, n_features or the number of nodes in the path with alpha >= alpha_min, whichever is smaller.

active : array, shape [n_alphas]

Indices of active variables at the end of the path.

coefs : array, shape (n_features, n_alphas + 1)

Coefficients along the path

n_iter : int

Number of iterations run. Returned only if return_n_iter is set to True.


[R182]“Least Angle Regression”, Effron et al.
[R183]Wikipedia entry on the Least-angle regression
[R184]Wikipedia entry on the Lasso

Examples using sklearn.linear_model.lars_path