sklearn.metrics.precision_recall_curve¶
- sklearn.metrics.precision_recall_curve(y_true, probas_pred, pos_label=None, sample_weight=None)¶
Compute precision-recall pairs for different probability thresholds
Note: this implementation is restricted to the binary classification task.
The precision is the ratio tp / (tp + fp) where tp is the number of true positives and fp the number of false positives. The precision is intuitively the ability of the classifier not to label as positive a sample that is negative.
The recall is the ratio tp / (tp + fn) where tp is the number of true positives and fn the number of false negatives. The recall is intuitively the ability of the classifier to find all the positive samples.
The last precision and recall values are 1. and 0. respectively and do not have a corresponding threshold. This ensures that the graph starts on the x axis.
Parameters: y_true : array, shape = [n_samples]
True targets of binary classification in range {-1, 1} or {0, 1}.
probas_pred : array, shape = [n_samples]
Estimated probabilities or decision function.
pos_label : int, optional (default=None)
The label of the positive class
sample_weight : array-like of shape = [n_samples], optional
Sample weights.
Returns: precision : array, shape = [n_thresholds + 1]
Precision values such that element i is the precision of predictions with score >= thresholds[i] and the last element is 1.
recall : array, shape = [n_thresholds + 1]
Decreasing recall values such that element i is the recall of predictions with score >= thresholds[i] and the last element is 0.
thresholds : array, shape = [n_thresholds := len(np.unique(probas_pred))]
Increasing thresholds on the decision function used to compute precision and recall.
Examples
>>> import numpy as np >>> from sklearn.metrics import precision_recall_curve >>> y_true = np.array([0, 0, 1, 1]) >>> y_scores = np.array([0.1, 0.4, 0.35, 0.8]) >>> precision, recall, thresholds = precision_recall_curve( ... y_true, y_scores) >>> precision array([ 0.66..., 0.5 , 1. , 1. ]) >>> recall array([ 1. , 0.5, 0.5, 0. ]) >>> thresholds array([ 0.35, 0.4 , 0.8 ])