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sklearn.decomposition.SparseCoder

class sklearn.decomposition.SparseCoder(dictionary, transform_algorithm='omp', transform_n_nonzero_coefs=None, transform_alpha=None, split_sign=False, n_jobs=1)

Sparse coding

Finds a sparse representation of data against a fixed, precomputed dictionary.

Each row of the result is the solution to a sparse coding problem. The goal is to find a sparse array code such that:

X ~= code * dictionary
Parameters:

dictionary : array, [n_components, n_features]

The dictionary atoms used for sparse coding. Lines are assumed to be normalized to unit norm.

transform_algorithm : {‘lasso_lars’, ‘lasso_cd’, ‘lars’, ‘omp’, ‘threshold’}

Algorithm used to transform the data: lars: uses the least angle regression method (linear_model.lars_path) lasso_lars: uses Lars to compute the Lasso solution lasso_cd: uses the coordinate descent method to compute the Lasso solution (linear_model.Lasso). lasso_lars will be faster if the estimated components are sparse. omp: uses orthogonal matching pursuit to estimate the sparse solution threshold: squashes to zero all coefficients less than alpha from the projection dictionary * X'

transform_n_nonzero_coefs : int, 0.1 * n_features by default

Number of nonzero coefficients to target in each column of the solution. This is only used by algorithm=’lars’ and algorithm=’omp’ and is overridden by alpha in the omp case.

transform_alpha : float, 1. by default

If algorithm=’lasso_lars’ or algorithm=’lasso_cd’, alpha is the penalty applied to the L1 norm. If algorithm=’threshold’, alpha is the absolute value of the threshold below which coefficients will be squashed to zero. If algorithm=’omp’, alpha is the tolerance parameter: the value of the reconstruction error targeted. In this case, it overrides n_nonzero_coefs.

split_sign : bool, False by default

Whether to split the sparse feature vector into the concatenation of its negative part and its positive part. This can improve the performance of downstream classifiers.

n_jobs : int,

number of parallel jobs to run

Attributes

components_ array, [n_components, n_features] The unchanged dictionary atoms

Methods

fit(X[, y]) Do nothing and return the estimator unchanged
fit_transform(X[, y]) Fit to data, then transform it.
get_params([deep]) Get parameters for this estimator.
set_params(**params) Set the parameters of this estimator.
transform(X[, y]) Encode the data as a sparse combination of the dictionary atoms.
__init__(dictionary, transform_algorithm='omp', transform_n_nonzero_coefs=None, transform_alpha=None, split_sign=False, n_jobs=1)
fit(X, y=None)

Do nothing and return the estimator unchanged

This method is just there to implement the usual API and hence work in pipelines.

fit_transform(X, y=None, **fit_params)

Fit to data, then transform it.

Fits transformer to X and y with optional parameters fit_params and returns a transformed version of X.

Parameters:

X : numpy array of shape [n_samples, n_features]

Training set.

y : numpy array of shape [n_samples]

Target values.

Returns:

X_new : numpy array of shape [n_samples, n_features_new]

Transformed array.

get_params(deep=True)

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters:

deep: boolean, optional :

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns:

params : mapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.

set_params(**params)

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The former have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Returns:self :
transform(X, y=None)

Encode the data as a sparse combination of the dictionary atoms.

Coding method is determined by the object parameter transform_algorithm.

Parameters:

X : array of shape (n_samples, n_features)

Test data to be transformed, must have the same number of features as the data used to train the model.

Returns:

X_new : array, shape (n_samples, n_components)

Transformed data

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