sklearn.decomposition.FastICA

class sklearn.decomposition.FastICA(n_components=None, algorithm='parallel', whiten=True, fun='logcosh', fun_args=None, max_iter=200, tol=0.0001, w_init=None, random_state=None)[source]

FastICA: a fast algorithm for Independent Component Analysis.

Parameters:

n_components : int, optional

Number of components to use. If none is passed, all are used.

algorithm : {‘parallel’, ‘deflation’}

Apply parallel or deflational algorithm for FastICA.

whiten : boolean, optional

If whiten is false, the data is already considered to be whitened, and no whitening is performed.

fun : string or function, optional. Default: ‘logcosh’

The functional form of the G function used in the approximation to neg-entropy. Could be either ‘logcosh’, ‘exp’, or ‘cube’. You can also provide your own function. It should return a tuple containing the value of the function, and of its derivative, in the point. Example:

def my_g(x):

return x ** 3, 3 * x ** 2

fun_args : dictionary, optional

Arguments to send to the functional form. If empty and if fun=’logcosh’, fun_args will take value {‘alpha’ : 1.0}.

max_iter : int, optional

Maximum number of iterations during fit.

tol : float, optional

Tolerance on update at each iteration.

w_init : None of an (n_components, n_components) ndarray

The mixing matrix to be used to initialize the algorithm.

random_state : int or RandomState

Pseudo number generator state used for random sampling.

Attributes:

components_ : 2D array, shape (n_components, n_features)

The unmixing matrix.

mixing_ : array, shape (n_features, n_components)

The mixing matrix.

n_iter_ : int

If the algorithm is “deflation”, n_iter is the maximum number of iterations run across all components. Else they are just the number of iterations taken to converge.

Notes

Implementation based on A. Hyvarinen and E. Oja, Independent Component Analysis: Algorithms and Applications, Neural Networks, 13(4-5), 2000, pp. 411-430

Methods

__init__(n_components=None, algorithm='parallel', whiten=True, fun='logcosh', fun_args=None, max_iter=200, tol=0.0001, w_init=None, random_state=None)[source]
fit(X, y=None)[source]

Fit the model to X.

Parameters:

X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Training data, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features.

Returns:

self :

fit_transform(X, y=None)[source]

Fit the model and recover the sources from X.

Parameters:

X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Training data, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features.

Returns:

X_new : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_components)

get_params(deep=True)[source]

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters:

deep: boolean, optional :

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns:

params : mapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.

inverse_transform(X, copy=True)[source]

Transform the sources back to the mixed data (apply mixing matrix).

Parameters:

X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_components)

Sources, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_components is the number of components.

copy : bool (optional)

If False, data passed to fit are overwritten. Defaults to True.

Returns:

X_new : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

set_params(**params)[source]

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The former have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Returns:self :
transform(X, y=None, copy=True)[source]

Recover the sources from X (apply the unmixing matrix).

Parameters:

X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Data to transform, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features.

copy : bool (optional)

If False, data passed to fit are overwritten. Defaults to True.

Returns:

X_new : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_components)