class sklearn.cluster.AffinityPropagation(damping=0.5, max_iter=200, convergence_iter=15, copy=True, preference=None, affinity='euclidean', verbose=False)[source]

Perform Affinity Propagation Clustering of data.


damping : float, optional, default: 0.5

Damping factor between 0.5 and 1.

convergence_iter : int, optional, default: 15

Number of iterations with no change in the number of estimated clusters that stops the convergence.

max_iter : int, optional, default: 200

Maximum number of iterations.

copy : boolean, optional, default: True

Make a copy of input data.

preference : array-like, shape (n_samples,) or float, optional

Preferences for each point - points with larger values of preferences are more likely to be chosen as exemplars. The number of exemplars, ie of clusters, is influenced by the input preferences value. If the preferences are not passed as arguments, they will be set to the median of the input similarities.

affinity : string, optional, default=``euclidean``

Which affinity to use. At the moment precomputed and euclidean are supported. euclidean uses the negative squared euclidean distance between points.

verbose : boolean, optional, default: False

Whether to be verbose.


cluster_centers_indices_ : array, shape (n_clusters,)

Indices of cluster centers

cluster_centers_ : array, shape (n_clusters, n_features)

Cluster centers (if affinity != precomputed).

labels_ : array, shape (n_samples,)

Labels of each point

affinity_matrix_ : array, shape (n_samples, n_samples)

Stores the affinity matrix used in fit.

n_iter_ : int

Number of iterations taken to converge.


See examples/cluster/ for an example.

The algorithmic complexity of affinity propagation is quadratic in the number of points.


Brendan J. Frey and Delbert Dueck, “Clustering by Passing Messages Between Data Points”, Science Feb. 2007


__init__(damping=0.5, max_iter=200, convergence_iter=15, copy=True, preference=None, affinity='euclidean', verbose=False)[source]
fit(X, y=None)[source]

Create affinity matrix from negative euclidean distances, then apply affinity propagation clustering.


X: array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features) or (n_samples, n_samples) :

Data matrix or, if affinity is precomputed, matrix of similarities / affinities.

fit_predict(X, y=None)[source]

Performs clustering on X and returns cluster labels.


X : ndarray, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Input data.


y : ndarray, shape (n_samples,)

cluster labels


Get parameters for this estimator.


deep: boolean, optional :

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.


params : mapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.


Predict the closest cluster each sample in X belongs to.


X : {array-like, sparse matrix}, shape (n_samples, n_features)

New data to predict.


labels : array, shape (n_samples,)

Index of the cluster each sample belongs to.


Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The former have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Returns:self :