sklearn.metrics.precision_score(y_true, y_pred, *, labels=None, pos_label=1, average='binary', sample_weight=None, zero_division='warn')[source]#

Compute the precision.

The precision is the ratio tp / (tp + fp) where tp is the number of true positives and fp the number of false positives. The precision is intuitively the ability of the classifier not to label as positive a sample that is negative.

The best value is 1 and the worst value is 0.

Support beyond term:binary targets is achieved by treating multiclass and multilabel data as a collection of binary problems, one for each label. For the binary case, setting average='binary' will return precision for pos_label. If average is not 'binary', pos_label is ignored and precision for both classes are computed, then averaged or both returned (when average=None). Similarly, for multiclass and multilabel targets, precision for all labels are either returned or averaged depending on the average parameter. Use labels specify the set of labels to calculate precision for.

Read more in the User Guide.

y_true1d array-like, or label indicator array / sparse matrix

Ground truth (correct) target values.

y_pred1d array-like, or label indicator array / sparse matrix

Estimated targets as returned by a classifier.

labelsarray-like, default=None

The set of labels to include when average != 'binary', and their order if average is None. Labels present in the data can be excluded, for example in multiclass classification to exclude a “negative class”. Labels not present in the data can be included and will be “assigned” 0 samples. For multilabel targets, labels are column indices. By default, all labels in y_true and y_pred are used in sorted order.

Changed in version 0.17: Parameter labels improved for multiclass problem.

pos_labelint, float, bool or str, default=1

The class to report if average='binary' and the data is binary, otherwise this parameter is ignored. For multiclass or multilabel targets, set labels=[pos_label] and average != 'binary' to report metrics for one label only.

average{‘micro’, ‘macro’, ‘samples’, ‘weighted’, ‘binary’} or None, default=’binary’

This parameter is required for multiclass/multilabel targets. If None, the scores for each class are returned. Otherwise, this determines the type of averaging performed on the data:


Only report results for the class specified by pos_label. This is applicable only if targets (y_{true,pred}) are binary.


Calculate metrics globally by counting the total true positives, false negatives and false positives.


Calculate metrics for each label, and find their unweighted mean. This does not take label imbalance into account.


Calculate metrics for each label, and find their average weighted by support (the number of true instances for each label). This alters ‘macro’ to account for label imbalance; it can result in an F-score that is not between precision and recall.


Calculate metrics for each instance, and find their average (only meaningful for multilabel classification where this differs from accuracy_score).

sample_weightarray-like of shape (n_samples,), default=None

Sample weights.

zero_division{“warn”, 0.0, 1.0, np.nan}, default=”warn”

Sets the value to return when there is a zero division.

Notes: - If set to “warn”, this acts like 0, but a warning is also raised. - If set to np.nan, such values will be excluded from the average.

Added in version 1.3: np.nan option was added.

precisionfloat (if average is not None) or array of float of shape (n_unique_labels,)

Precision of the positive class in binary classification or weighted average of the precision of each class for the multiclass task.

See also


Compute precision, recall, F-measure and support for each class.


Compute the ratio tp / (tp + fn) where tp is the number of true positives and fn the number of false negatives.


Plot precision-recall curve given an estimator and some data.


Plot precision-recall curve given binary class predictions.


Compute a confusion matrix for each class or sample.


When true positive + false positive == 0, precision returns 0 and raises UndefinedMetricWarning. This behavior can be modified with zero_division.


>>> import numpy as np
>>> from sklearn.metrics import precision_score
>>> y_true = [0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 2]
>>> y_pred = [0, 2, 1, 0, 0, 1]
>>> precision_score(y_true, y_pred, average='macro')
>>> precision_score(y_true, y_pred, average='micro')
>>> precision_score(y_true, y_pred, average='weighted')
>>> precision_score(y_true, y_pred, average=None)
array([0.66..., 0.        , 0.        ])
>>> y_pred = [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0]
>>> precision_score(y_true, y_pred, average=None)
array([0.33..., 0.        , 0.        ])
>>> precision_score(y_true, y_pred, average=None, zero_division=1)
array([0.33..., 1.        , 1.        ])
>>> precision_score(y_true, y_pred, average=None, zero_division=np.nan)
array([0.33...,        nan,        nan])
>>> # multilabel classification
>>> y_true = [[0, 0, 0], [1, 1, 1], [0, 1, 1]]
>>> y_pred = [[0, 0, 0], [1, 1, 1], [1, 1, 0]]
>>> precision_score(y_true, y_pred, average=None)
array([0.5, 1. , 1. ])