class sklearn.decomposition.SparseCoder(dictionary, *, transform_algorithm='omp', transform_n_nonzero_coefs=None, transform_alpha=None, split_sign=False, n_jobs=None, positive_code=False, transform_max_iter=1000)[source]

Sparse coding

Finds a sparse representation of data against a fixed, precomputed dictionary.

Each row of the result is the solution to a sparse coding problem. The goal is to find a sparse array code such that:

X ~= code * dictionary

Read more in the User Guide.

dictionaryndarray of shape (n_components, n_features)

The dictionary atoms used for sparse coding. Lines are assumed to be normalized to unit norm.

transform_algorithm{‘lasso_lars’, ‘lasso_cd’, ‘lars’, ‘omp’, ‘threshold’}, default=’omp’

Algorithm used to transform the data:

  • 'lars': uses the least angle regression method (linear_model.lars_path);

  • 'lasso_lars': uses Lars to compute the Lasso solution;

  • 'lasso_cd': uses the coordinate descent method to compute the Lasso solution (linear_model.Lasso). 'lasso_lars' will be faster if the estimated components are sparse;

  • 'omp': uses orthogonal matching pursuit to estimate the sparse solution;

  • 'threshold': squashes to zero all coefficients less than alpha from the projection dictionary * X'.

transform_n_nonzero_coefsint, default=None

Number of nonzero coefficients to target in each column of the solution. This is only used by algorithm='lars' and algorithm='omp' and is overridden by alpha in the omp case. If None, then transform_n_nonzero_coefs=int(n_features / 10).

transform_alphafloat, default=None

If algorithm='lasso_lars' or algorithm='lasso_cd', alpha is the penalty applied to the L1 norm. If algorithm='threshold', alpha is the absolute value of the threshold below which coefficients will be squashed to zero. If algorithm='omp', alpha is the tolerance parameter: the value of the reconstruction error targeted. In this case, it overrides n_nonzero_coefs. If None, default to 1.

split_signbool, default=False

Whether to split the sparse feature vector into the concatenation of its negative part and its positive part. This can improve the performance of downstream classifiers.

n_jobsint, default=None

Number of parallel jobs to run. None means 1 unless in a joblib.parallel_backend context. -1 means using all processors. See Glossary for more details.

positive_codebool, default=False

Whether to enforce positivity when finding the code.

New in version 0.20.

transform_max_iterint, default=1000

Maximum number of iterations to perform if algorithm='lasso_cd' or lasso_lars.

New in version 0.22.

components_ndarray of shape (n_components, n_features)

The unchanged dictionary atoms.

Deprecated since version 0.24: This attribute is deprecated in 0.24 and will be removed in 1.1 (renaming of 0.26). Use dictionary instead.


>>> import numpy as np
>>> from sklearn.decomposition import SparseCoder
>>> X = np.array([[-1, -1, -1], [0, 0, 3]])
>>> dictionary = np.array(
...     [[0, 1, 0],
...      [-1, -1, 2],
...      [1, 1, 1],
...      [0, 1, 1],
...      [0, 2, 1]],
...    dtype=np.float64
... )
>>> coder = SparseCoder(
...     dictionary=dictionary, transform_algorithm='lasso_lars',
...     transform_alpha=1e-10,
... )
>>> coder.transform(X)
array([[ 0.,  0., -1.,  0.,  0.],
       [ 0.,  1.,  1.,  0.,  0.]])


fit(X[, y])

Do nothing and return the estimator unchanged.

fit_transform(X[, y])

Fit to data, then transform it.


Get parameters for this estimator.


Set the parameters of this estimator.

transform(X[, y])

Encode the data as a sparse combination of the dictionary atoms.

fit(X, y=None)[source]

Do nothing and return the estimator unchanged.

This method is just there to implement the usual API and hence work in pipelines.

fit_transform(X, y=None, **fit_params)[source]

Fit to data, then transform it.

Fits transformer to X and y with optional parameters fit_params and returns a transformed version of X.

Xarray-like of shape (n_samples, n_features)

Input samples.

yarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs), default=None

Target values (None for unsupervised transformations).


Additional fit parameters.

X_newndarray array of shape (n_samples, n_features_new)

Transformed array.


Get parameters for this estimator.

deepbool, default=True

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.


Parameter names mapped to their values.


Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as Pipeline). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.


Estimator parameters.

selfestimator instance

Estimator instance.

transform(X, y=None)[source]

Encode the data as a sparse combination of the dictionary atoms.

Coding method is determined by the object parameter transform_algorithm.

Xndarray of shape (n_samples, n_features)

Test data to be transformed, must have the same number of features as the data used to train the model.

X_newndarray of shape (n_samples, n_components)

Transformed data.

Examples using sklearn.decomposition.SparseCoder