Decision Tree Regression with AdaBoost

A decision tree is boosted using the AdaBoost.R2 1 algorithm on a 1D sinusoidal dataset with a small amount of Gaussian noise. 299 boosts (300 decision trees) is compared with a single decision tree regressor. As the number of boosts is increased the regressor can fit more detail.

  1. Drucker, “Improving Regressors using Boosting Techniques”, 1997.


# Author: Noel Dawe <>
# License: BSD 3 clause

# importing necessary libraries
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sklearn.tree import DecisionTreeRegressor
from sklearn.ensemble import AdaBoostRegressor

# Create the dataset
rng = np.random.RandomState(1)
X = np.linspace(0, 6, 100)[:, np.newaxis]
y = np.sin(X).ravel() + np.sin(6 * X).ravel() + rng.normal(0, 0.1, X.shape[0])

# Fit regression model
regr_1 = DecisionTreeRegressor(max_depth=4)

regr_2 = AdaBoostRegressor(DecisionTreeRegressor(max_depth=4),
                          n_estimators=300, random_state=rng), y), y)

# Predict
y_1 = regr_1.predict(X)
y_2 = regr_2.predict(X)

# Plot the results
plt.scatter(X, y, c="k", label="training samples")
plt.plot(X, y_1, c="g", label="n_estimators=1", linewidth=2)
plt.plot(X, y_2, c="r", label="n_estimators=300", linewidth=2)
plt.title("Boosted Decision Tree Regression")

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.517 seconds)

Estimated memory usage: 8 MB

Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery