Density Estimation for a Gaussian mixture

Plot the density estimation of a mixture of two Gaussians. Data is generated from two Gaussians with different centers and covariance matrices.

Negative log-likelihood predicted by a GMM


/home/circleci/project/examples/mixture/ MatplotlibDeprecationWarning: The 'extend' parameter to Colorbar has no effect because it is overridden by the mappable; it is deprecated since 3.3 and will be removed two minor releases later.
  CB = plt.colorbar(CS, shrink=0.8, extend='both')

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from matplotlib.colors import LogNorm
from sklearn import mixture

n_samples = 300

# generate random sample, two components

# generate spherical data centered on (20, 20)
shifted_gaussian = np.random.randn(n_samples, 2) + np.array([20, 20])

# generate zero centered stretched Gaussian data
C = np.array([[0., -0.7], [3.5, .7]])
stretched_gaussian =, 2), C)

# concatenate the two datasets into the final training set
X_train = np.vstack([shifted_gaussian, stretched_gaussian])

# fit a Gaussian Mixture Model with two components
clf = mixture.GaussianMixture(n_components=2, covariance_type='full')

# display predicted scores by the model as a contour plot
x = np.linspace(-20., 30.)
y = np.linspace(-20., 40.)
X, Y = np.meshgrid(x, y)
XX = np.array([X.ravel(), Y.ravel()]).T
Z = -clf.score_samples(XX)
Z = Z.reshape(X.shape)

CS = plt.contour(X, Y, Z, norm=LogNorm(vmin=1.0, vmax=1000.0),
                 levels=np.logspace(0, 3, 10))
CB = plt.colorbar(CS, shrink=0.8, extend='both')
plt.scatter(X_train[:, 0], X_train[:, 1], .8)

plt.title('Negative log-likelihood predicted by a GMM')

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.241 seconds)

Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery