# SGD: convex loss functions¶

A plot that compares the various convex loss functions supported by SGDClassifier .

print(__doc__)

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

def modified_huber_loss(y_true, y_pred):
z = y_pred * y_true
loss = -4 * z
loss[z >= -1] = (1 - z[z >= -1]) ** 2
loss[z >= 1.] = 0
return loss

xmin, xmax = -4, 4
xx = np.linspace(xmin, xmax, 100)
lw = 2
plt.plot([xmin, 0, 0, xmax], [1, 1, 0, 0], color='gold', lw=lw,
label="Zero-one loss")
plt.plot(xx, np.where(xx < 1, 1 - xx, 0), color='teal', lw=lw,
label="Hinge loss")
plt.plot(xx, -np.minimum(xx, 0), color='yellowgreen', lw=lw,
label="Perceptron loss")
plt.plot(xx, np.log2(1 + np.exp(-xx)), color='cornflowerblue', lw=lw,
label="Log loss")
plt.plot(xx, np.where(xx < 1, 1 - xx, 0) ** 2, color='orange', lw=lw,
label="Squared hinge loss")
plt.plot(xx, modified_huber_loss(xx, 1), color='darkorchid', lw=lw,
linestyle='--', label="Modified Huber loss")
plt.ylim((0, 8))
plt.legend(loc="upper right")
plt.xlabel(r"Decision function $f(x)$")
plt.ylabel("$L(y=1, f(x))$")
plt.show()


Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.175 seconds)

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