sklearn.linear_model.logistic_regression_path(X, y, pos_class=None, Cs=10, fit_intercept=True, max_iter=100, tol=0.0001, verbose=0, solver='lbfgs', coef=None, class_weight=None, dual=False, penalty='l2', intercept_scaling=1.0, multi_class='auto', random_state=None, check_input=True, max_squared_sum=None, sample_weight=None, l1_ratio=None)[source]

DEPRECATED: logistic_regression_path was deprecated in version 0.21 and will be removed in version 0.23.0

Compute a Logistic Regression model for a list of regularization


This is an implementation that uses the result of the previous model to speed up computations along the set of solutions, making it faster than sequentially calling LogisticRegression for the different parameters. Note that there will be no speedup with liblinear solver, since it does not handle warm-starting.

Deprecated since version 0.21: logistic_regression_path was deprecated in version 0.21 and will be removed in 0.23.

Read more in the User Guide.

Xarray-like or sparse matrix, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Input data.

yarray-like, shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_targets)

Input data, target values.

pos_classint, None

The class with respect to which we perform a one-vs-all fit. If None, then it is assumed that the given problem is binary.

Csint | array-like, shape (n_cs,)

List of values for the regularization parameter or integer specifying the number of regularization parameters that should be used. In this case, the parameters will be chosen in a logarithmic scale between 1e-4 and 1e4.


Whether to fit an intercept for the model. In this case the shape of the returned array is (n_cs, n_features + 1).


Maximum number of iterations for the solver.


Stopping criterion. For the newton-cg and lbfgs solvers, the iteration will stop when max{|g_i | i = 1, ..., n} <= tol where g_i is the i-th component of the gradient.


For the liblinear and lbfgs solvers set verbose to any positive number for verbosity.

solver{‘lbfgs’, ‘newton-cg’, ‘liblinear’, ‘sag’, ‘saga’}

Numerical solver to use.

coefarray-like, shape (n_features,), default None

Initialization value for coefficients of logistic regression. Useless for liblinear solver.

class_weightdict or ‘balanced’, optional

Weights associated with classes in the form {class_label: weight}. If not given, all classes are supposed to have weight one.

The “balanced” mode uses the values of y to automatically adjust weights inversely proportional to class frequencies in the input data as n_samples / (n_classes * np.bincount(y)).

Note that these weights will be multiplied with sample_weight (passed through the fit method) if sample_weight is specified.


Dual or primal formulation. Dual formulation is only implemented for l2 penalty with liblinear solver. Prefer dual=False when n_samples > n_features.

penaltystr, ‘l1’, ‘l2’, or ‘elasticnet’

Used to specify the norm used in the penalization. The ‘newton-cg’, ‘sag’ and ‘lbfgs’ solvers support only l2 penalties. ‘elasticnet’ is only supported by the ‘saga’ solver.

intercept_scalingfloat, default 1.

Useful only when the solver ‘liblinear’ is used and self.fit_intercept is set to True. In this case, x becomes [x, self.intercept_scaling], i.e. a “synthetic” feature with constant value equal to intercept_scaling is appended to the instance vector. The intercept becomes intercept_scaling * synthetic_feature_weight.

Note! the synthetic feature weight is subject to l1/l2 regularization as all other features. To lessen the effect of regularization on synthetic feature weight (and therefore on the intercept) intercept_scaling has to be increased.

multi_class{‘ovr’, ‘multinomial’, ‘auto’}, default=’auto’

If the option chosen is ‘ovr’, then a binary problem is fit for each label. For ‘multinomial’ the loss minimised is the multinomial loss fit across the entire probability distribution, even when the data is binary. ‘multinomial’ is unavailable when solver=’liblinear’. ‘auto’ selects ‘ovr’ if the data is binary, or if solver=’liblinear’, and otherwise selects ‘multinomial’.

New in version 0.18: Stochastic Average Gradient descent solver for ‘multinomial’ case.

Changed in version 0.22: Default changed from ‘ovr’ to ‘auto’ in 0.22.

random_stateint, RandomState instance or None, optional, default None

The seed of the pseudo random number generator to use when shuffling the data. If int, random_state is the seed used by the random number generator; If RandomState instance, random_state is the random number generator; If None, the random number generator is the RandomState instance used by np.random. Used when solver == ‘sag’ or ‘liblinear’.

check_inputbool, default True

If False, the input arrays X and y will not be checked.

max_squared_sumfloat, default None

Maximum squared sum of X over samples. Used only in SAG solver. If None, it will be computed, going through all the samples. The value should be precomputed to speed up cross validation.

sample_weightarray-like, shape(n_samples,) optional

Array of weights that are assigned to individual samples. If not provided, then each sample is given unit weight.

l1_ratiofloat or None, optional (default=None)

The Elastic-Net mixing parameter, with 0 <= l1_ratio <= 1. Only used if penalty='elasticnet'. Setting l1_ratio=0 is equivalent to using penalty='l2', while setting l1_ratio=1 is equivalent to using penalty='l1'. For 0 < l1_ratio <1, the penalty is a combination of L1 and L2.

coefsndarray, shape (n_cs, n_features) or (n_cs, n_features + 1)

List of coefficients for the Logistic Regression model. If fit_intercept is set to True then the second dimension will be n_features + 1, where the last item represents the intercept. For multiclass='multinomial', the shape is (n_classes, n_cs, n_features) or (n_classes, n_cs, n_features + 1).


Grid of Cs used for cross-validation.

n_iterarray, shape (n_cs,)

Actual number of iteration for each Cs.


You might get slightly different results with the solver liblinear than with the others since this uses LIBLINEAR which penalizes the intercept.

Changed in version 0.19: The “copy” parameter was removed.