# Robust linear model estimation using RANSAC¶

In this example we see how to robustly fit a linear model to faulty data using the RANSAC algorithm.

Out:

Estimated coefficients (true, linear regression, RANSAC):
82.1903908407869 [54.17236387] [82.08533159]


import numpy as np
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt

from sklearn import linear_model, datasets

n_samples = 1000
n_outliers = 50

X, y, coef = datasets.make_regression(n_samples=n_samples, n_features=1,
n_informative=1, noise=10,
coef=True, random_state=0)

np.random.seed(0)
X[:n_outliers] = 3 + 0.5 * np.random.normal(size=(n_outliers, 1))
y[:n_outliers] = -3 + 10 * np.random.normal(size=n_outliers)

# Fit line using all data
lr = linear_model.LinearRegression()
lr.fit(X, y)

# Robustly fit linear model with RANSAC algorithm
ransac = linear_model.RANSACRegressor()
ransac.fit(X, y)

# Predict data of estimated models
line_X = np.arange(X.min(), X.max())[:, np.newaxis]
line_y = lr.predict(line_X)
line_y_ransac = ransac.predict(line_X)

# Compare estimated coefficients
print("Estimated coefficients (true, linear regression, RANSAC):")
print(coef, lr.coef_, ransac.estimator_.coef_)

lw = 2
label='Inliers')
label='Outliers')
plt.plot(line_X, line_y, color='navy', linewidth=lw, label='Linear regressor')
plt.plot(line_X, line_y_ransac, color='cornflowerblue', linewidth=lw,
label='RANSAC regressor')
plt.legend(loc='lower right')
plt.xlabel("Input")
plt.ylabel("Response")
plt.show()


Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.579 seconds)

Estimated memory usage: 8 MB

Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery