# Lasso and Elastic Net¶

Lasso and elastic net (L1 and L2 penalisation) implemented using a coordinate descent.

The coefficients can be forced to be positive.

Out:

Computing regularization path using the lasso...
Computing regularization path using the positive lasso...
Computing regularization path using the elastic net...
Computing regularization path using the positive elastic net...


print(__doc__)

# Author: Alexandre Gramfort <alexandre.gramfort@inria.fr>

from itertools import cycle
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

from sklearn.linear_model import lasso_path, enet_path
from sklearn import datasets

X /= X.std(axis=0)  # Standardize data (easier to set the l1_ratio parameter)

# Compute paths

eps = 5e-3  # the smaller it is the longer is the path

print("Computing regularization path using the lasso...")
alphas_lasso, coefs_lasso, _ = lasso_path(X, y, eps, fit_intercept=False)

print("Computing regularization path using the positive lasso...")
alphas_positive_lasso, coefs_positive_lasso, _ = lasso_path(
X, y, eps, positive=True, fit_intercept=False)
print("Computing regularization path using the elastic net...")
alphas_enet, coefs_enet, _ = enet_path(
X, y, eps=eps, l1_ratio=0.8, fit_intercept=False)

print("Computing regularization path using the positive elastic net...")
alphas_positive_enet, coefs_positive_enet, _ = enet_path(
X, y, eps=eps, l1_ratio=0.8, positive=True, fit_intercept=False)

# Display results

plt.figure(1)
colors = cycle(['b', 'r', 'g', 'c', 'k'])
neg_log_alphas_lasso = -np.log10(alphas_lasso)
neg_log_alphas_enet = -np.log10(alphas_enet)
for coef_l, coef_e, c in zip(coefs_lasso, coefs_enet, colors):
l1 = plt.plot(neg_log_alphas_lasso, coef_l, c=c)
l2 = plt.plot(neg_log_alphas_enet, coef_e, linestyle='--', c=c)

plt.xlabel('-Log(alpha)')
plt.ylabel('coefficients')
plt.title('Lasso and Elastic-Net Paths')
plt.legend((l1[-1], l2[-1]), ('Lasso', 'Elastic-Net'), loc='lower left')
plt.axis('tight')

plt.figure(2)
neg_log_alphas_positive_lasso = -np.log10(alphas_positive_lasso)
for coef_l, coef_pl, c in zip(coefs_lasso, coefs_positive_lasso, colors):
l1 = plt.plot(neg_log_alphas_lasso, coef_l, c=c)
l2 = plt.plot(neg_log_alphas_positive_lasso, coef_pl, linestyle='--', c=c)

plt.xlabel('-Log(alpha)')
plt.ylabel('coefficients')
plt.title('Lasso and positive Lasso')
plt.legend((l1[-1], l2[-1]), ('Lasso', 'positive Lasso'), loc='lower left')
plt.axis('tight')

plt.figure(3)
neg_log_alphas_positive_enet = -np.log10(alphas_positive_enet)
for (coef_e, coef_pe, c) in zip(coefs_enet, coefs_positive_enet, colors):
l1 = plt.plot(neg_log_alphas_enet, coef_e, c=c)
l2 = plt.plot(neg_log_alphas_positive_enet, coef_pe, linestyle='--', c=c)

plt.xlabel('-Log(alpha)')
plt.ylabel('coefficients')
plt.title('Elastic-Net and positive Elastic-Net')
plt.legend((l1[-1], l2[-1]), ('Elastic-Net', 'positive Elastic-Net'),
loc='lower left')
plt.axis('tight')
plt.show()


Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.721 seconds)

Estimated memory usage: 8 MB

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