# Pipelining: chaining a PCA and a logistic regression¶

The PCA does an unsupervised dimensionality reduction, while the logistic regression does the prediction.

We use a GridSearchCV to set the dimensionality of the PCA

Out:

Best parameter (CV score=0.920):
{'logistic__C': 0.046415888336127774, 'pca__n_components': 45}

print(__doc__)

# Code source: Gaël Varoquaux
# Modified for documentation by Jaques Grobler

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import pandas as pd

from sklearn import datasets
from sklearn.decomposition import PCA
from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
from sklearn.pipeline import Pipeline
from sklearn.model_selection import GridSearchCV

# Define a pipeline to search for the best combination of PCA truncation
# and classifier regularization.
pca = PCA()
# set the tolerance to a large value to make the example faster
logistic = LogisticRegression(max_iter=10000, tol=0.1)
pipe = Pipeline(steps=[('pca', pca), ('logistic', logistic)])

# Parameters of pipelines can be set using ‘__’ separated parameter names:
param_grid = {
'pca__n_components': [5, 15, 30, 45, 64],
'logistic__C': np.logspace(-4, 4, 4),
}
search = GridSearchCV(pipe, param_grid, n_jobs=-1)
search.fit(X_digits, y_digits)
print("Best parameter (CV score=%0.3f):" % search.best_score_)
print(search.best_params_)

# Plot the PCA spectrum
pca.fit(X_digits)

fig, (ax0, ax1) = plt.subplots(nrows=2, sharex=True, figsize=(6, 6))
ax0.plot(np.arange(1, pca.n_components_ + 1),
pca.explained_variance_ratio_, '+', linewidth=2)
ax0.set_ylabel('PCA explained variance ratio')

ax0.axvline(search.best_estimator_.named_steps['pca'].n_components,
linestyle=':', label='n_components chosen')
ax0.legend(prop=dict(size=12))

# For each number of components, find the best classifier results
results = pd.DataFrame(search.cv_results_)
components_col = 'param_pca__n_components'
best_clfs = results.groupby(components_col).apply(
lambda g: g.nlargest(1, 'mean_test_score'))

best_clfs.plot(x=components_col, y='mean_test_score', yerr='std_test_score',
legend=False, ax=ax1)
ax1.set_ylabel('Classification accuracy (val)')
ax1.set_xlabel('n_components')

plt.xlim(-1, 70)

plt.tight_layout()
plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 12.707 seconds)

Estimated memory usage: 8 MB

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