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# PCA example with Iris Data-set¶

Principal Component Analysis applied to the Iris dataset.

Python source code: plot_pca_iris.py

```print(__doc__)

# Code source: Gaël Varoquaux

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D

from sklearn import decomposition
from sklearn import datasets

np.random.seed(5)

centers = [[1, 1], [-1, -1], [1, -1]]
X = iris.data
y = iris.target

fig = plt.figure(1, figsize=(4, 3))
plt.clf()
ax = Axes3D(fig, rect=[0, 0, .95, 1], elev=48, azim=134)

plt.cla()
pca = decomposition.PCA(n_components=3)
pca.fit(X)
X = pca.transform(X)

for name, label in [('Setosa', 0), ('Versicolour', 1), ('Virginica', 2)]:
ax.text3D(X[y == label, 0].mean(),
X[y == label, 1].mean() + 1.5,
X[y == label, 2].mean(), name,
horizontalalignment='center',
bbox=dict(alpha=.5, edgecolor='w', facecolor='w'))
# Reorder the labels to have colors matching the cluster results
y = np.choose(y, [1, 2, 0]).astype(np.float)
ax.scatter(X[:, 0], X[:, 1], X[:, 2], c=y, cmap=plt.cm.spectral)

x_surf = [X[:, 0].min(), X[:, 0].max(),
X[:, 0].min(), X[:, 0].max()]
y_surf = [X[:, 0].max(), X[:, 0].max(),
X[:, 0].min(), X[:, 0].min()]
x_surf = np.array(x_surf)
y_surf = np.array(y_surf)
v0 = pca.transform(pca.components_[0])
v0 /= v0[-1]
v1 = pca.transform(pca.components_[1])
v1 /= v1[-1]

ax.w_xaxis.set_ticklabels([])
ax.w_yaxis.set_ticklabels([])
ax.w_zaxis.set_ticklabels([])

plt.show()
```

Total running time of the example: 0.11 seconds ( 0 minutes 0.11 seconds)