SVM: Separating hyperplane for unbalanced classesΒΆ

Find the optimal separating hyperplane using an SVC for classes that are unbalanced.

We first find the separating plane with a plain SVC and then plot (dashed) the separating hyperplane with automatically correction for unbalanced classes.


This example will also work by replacing SVC(kernel="linear") with SGDClassifier(loss="hinge"). Setting the loss parameter of the SGDClassifier equal to hinge will yield behaviour such as that of a SVC with a linear kernel.

For example try instead of the SVC:

clf = SGDClassifier(n_iter=100, alpha=0.01)

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sklearn import svm

# we create clusters with 1000 and 100 points
rng = np.random.RandomState(0)
n_samples_1 = 1000
n_samples_2 = 100
X = np.r_[1.5 * rng.randn(n_samples_1, 2),
          0.5 * rng.randn(n_samples_2, 2) + [2, 2]]
y = [0] * (n_samples_1) + [1] * (n_samples_2)

# fit the model and get the separating hyperplane
clf = svm.SVC(kernel='linear', C=1.0), y)

# fit the model and get the separating hyperplane using weighted classes
wclf = svm.SVC(kernel='linear', class_weight={1: 10}), y)

# plot separating hyperplanes and samples
plt.scatter(X[:, 0], X[:, 1], c=y,, edgecolors='k')

# plot the decision functions for both classifiers
ax = plt.gca()
xlim = ax.get_xlim()
ylim = ax.get_ylim()

# create grid to evaluate model
xx = np.linspace(xlim[0], xlim[1], 30)
yy = np.linspace(ylim[0], ylim[1], 30)
YY, XX = np.meshgrid(yy, xx)
xy = np.vstack([XX.ravel(), YY.ravel()]).T

# get the separating hyperplane
Z = clf.decision_function(xy).reshape(XX.shape)

# plot decision boundary and margins
a = ax.contour(XX, YY, Z, colors='k', levels=[0], alpha=0.5, linestyles=['-'])

# get the separating hyperplane for weighted classes
Z = wclf.decision_function(xy).reshape(XX.shape)

# plot decision boundary and margins for weighted classes
b = ax.contour(XX, YY, Z, colors='r', levels=[0], alpha=0.5, linestyles=['-'])

plt.legend([a.collections[0], b.collections[0]], ["non weighted", "weighted"],
           loc="upper right")

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.064 seconds)

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