The Iris Dataset

This data sets consists of 3 different types of irises’ (Setosa, Versicolour, and Virginica) petal and sepal length, stored in a 150x4 numpy.ndarray

The rows being the samples and the columns being: Sepal Length, Sepal Width, Petal Length and Petal Width.

The below plot uses the first two features. See here for more information on this dataset.

  • First three PCA directions
  • plot iris dataset
# Code source: Gaël Varoquaux
# Modified for documentation by Jaques Grobler
# License: BSD 3 clause

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# unused but required import for doing 3d projections with matplotlib < 3.2
import mpl_toolkits.mplot3d  # noqa: F401

from sklearn import datasets
from sklearn.decomposition import PCA

# import some data to play with
iris = datasets.load_iris()
X =[:, :2]  # we only take the first two features.
y =

x_min, x_max = X[:, 0].min() - 0.5, X[:, 0].max() + 0.5
y_min, y_max = X[:, 1].min() - 0.5, X[:, 1].max() + 0.5

plt.figure(2, figsize=(8, 6))

# Plot the training points
plt.scatter(X[:, 0], X[:, 1], c=y,, edgecolor="k")
plt.xlabel("Sepal length")
plt.ylabel("Sepal width")

plt.xlim(x_min, x_max)
plt.ylim(y_min, y_max)

# To getter a better understanding of interaction of the dimensions
# plot the first three PCA dimensions
fig = plt.figure(1, figsize=(8, 6))
ax = fig.add_subplot(111, projection="3d", elev=-150, azim=110)

X_reduced = PCA(n_components=3).fit_transform(
    X_reduced[:, 0],
    X_reduced[:, 1],
    X_reduced[:, 2],

ax.set_title("First three PCA directions")
ax.set_xlabel("1st eigenvector")
ax.set_ylabel("2nd eigenvector")
ax.set_zlabel("3rd eigenvector")

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.174 seconds)

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