class sklearn.linear_model.LarsCV(fit_intercept=True, verbose=False, max_iter=500, normalize=True, precompute=’auto’, cv=’warn’, max_n_alphas=1000, n_jobs=None, eps=2.220446049250313e-16, copy_X=True, positive=False)[source]

Cross-validated Least Angle Regression model.

See glossary entry for cross-validation estimator.

Read more in the User Guide.

fit_intercept : boolean

whether to calculate the intercept for this model. If set to false, no intercept will be used in calculations (e.g. data is expected to be already centered).

verbose : boolean or integer, optional

Sets the verbosity amount

max_iter : integer, optional

Maximum number of iterations to perform.

normalize : boolean, optional, default True

This parameter is ignored when fit_intercept is set to False. If True, the regressors X will be normalized before regression by subtracting the mean and dividing by the l2-norm. If you wish to standardize, please use sklearn.preprocessing.StandardScaler before calling fit on an estimator with normalize=False.

precompute : True | False | ‘auto’ | array-like

Whether to use a precomputed Gram matrix to speed up calculations. If set to 'auto' let us decide. The Gram matrix cannot be passed as argument since we will use only subsets of X.

cv : int, cross-validation generator or an iterable, optional

Determines the cross-validation splitting strategy. Possible inputs for cv are:

  • None, to use the default 3-fold cross-validation,
  • integer, to specify the number of folds.
  • CV splitter,
  • An iterable yielding (train, test) splits as arrays of indices.

For integer/None inputs, KFold is used.

Refer User Guide for the various cross-validation strategies that can be used here.

Changed in version 0.20: cv default value if None will change from 3-fold to 5-fold in v0.22.

max_n_alphas : integer, optional

The maximum number of points on the path used to compute the residuals in the cross-validation

n_jobs : int or None, optional (default=None)

Number of CPUs to use during the cross validation. None means 1 unless in a joblib.parallel_backend context. -1 means using all processors. See Glossary for more details.

eps : float, optional

The machine-precision regularization in the computation of the Cholesky diagonal factors. Increase this for very ill-conditioned systems.

copy_X : boolean, optional, default True

If True, X will be copied; else, it may be overwritten.

positive : boolean (default=False)

Restrict coefficients to be >= 0. Be aware that you might want to remove fit_intercept which is set True by default.

Deprecated since version 0.20: The option is broken and deprecated. It will be removed in v0.22.

coef_ : array, shape (n_features,)

parameter vector (w in the formulation formula)

intercept_ : float

independent term in decision function

coef_path_ : array, shape (n_features, n_alphas)

the varying values of the coefficients along the path

alpha_ : float

the estimated regularization parameter alpha

alphas_ : array, shape (n_alphas,)

the different values of alpha along the path

cv_alphas_ : array, shape (n_cv_alphas,)

all the values of alpha along the path for the different folds

mse_path_ : array, shape (n_folds, n_cv_alphas)

the mean square error on left-out for each fold along the path (alpha values given by cv_alphas)

n_iter_ : array-like or int

the number of iterations run by Lars with the optimal alpha.


>>> from sklearn.linear_model import LarsCV
>>> from sklearn.datasets import make_regression
>>> X, y = make_regression(n_samples=200, noise=4.0, random_state=0)
>>> reg = LarsCV(cv=5).fit(X, y)
>>> reg.score(X, y) 
>>> reg.alpha_
>>> reg.predict(X[:1,])


fit(self, X, y) Fit the model using X, y as training data.
get_params(self[, deep]) Get parameters for this estimator.
predict(self, X) Predict using the linear model
score(self, X, y[, sample_weight]) Returns the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.
set_params(self, \*\*params) Set the parameters of this estimator.
__init__(self, fit_intercept=True, verbose=False, max_iter=500, normalize=True, precompute=’auto’, cv=’warn’, max_n_alphas=1000, n_jobs=None, eps=2.220446049250313e-16, copy_X=True, positive=False)[source]
fit(self, X, y)[source]

Fit the model using X, y as training data.

X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Training data.

y : array-like, shape (n_samples,)

Target values.

self : object

returns an instance of self.

get_params(self, deep=True)[source]

Get parameters for this estimator.

deep : boolean, optional

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

params : mapping of string to any

Parameter names mapped to their values.

predict(self, X)[source]

Predict using the linear model

X : array_like or sparse matrix, shape (n_samples, n_features)


C : array, shape (n_samples,)

Returns predicted values.

score(self, X, y, sample_weight=None)[source]

Returns the coefficient of determination R^2 of the prediction.

The coefficient R^2 is defined as (1 - u/v), where u is the residual sum of squares ((y_true - y_pred) ** 2).sum() and v is the total sum of squares ((y_true - y_true.mean()) ** 2).sum(). The best possible score is 1.0 and it can be negative (because the model can be arbitrarily worse). A constant model that always predicts the expected value of y, disregarding the input features, would get a R^2 score of 0.0.

X : array-like, shape = (n_samples, n_features)

Test samples. For some estimators this may be a precomputed kernel matrix instead, shape = (n_samples, n_samples_fitted], where n_samples_fitted is the number of samples used in the fitting for the estimator.

y : array-like, shape = (n_samples) or (n_samples, n_outputs)

True values for X.

sample_weight : array-like, shape = [n_samples], optional

Sample weights.

score : float

R^2 of self.predict(X) wrt. y.


The R2 score used when calling score on a regressor will use multioutput='uniform_average' from version 0.23 to keep consistent with metrics.r2_score. This will influence the score method of all the multioutput regressors (except for multioutput.MultiOutputRegressor). To specify the default value manually and avoid the warning, please either call metrics.r2_score directly or make a custom scorer with metrics.make_scorer (the built-in scorer 'r2' uses multioutput='uniform_average').

set_params(self, **params)[source]

Set the parameters of this estimator.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects (such as pipelines). The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.