Face completion with a multi-output estimatorsΒΆ

This example shows the use of multi-output estimator to complete images. The goal is to predict the lower half of a face given its upper half.

The first column of images shows true faces. The next columns illustrate how extremely randomized trees, k nearest neighbors, linear regression and ridge regression complete the lower half of those faces.

Python source code: `plot_multioutput_face_completion.py`

```print(__doc__)

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

from sklearn.datasets import fetch_olivetti_faces
from sklearn.utils.validation import check_random_state

from sklearn.ensemble import ExtraTreesRegressor
from sklearn.neighbors import KNeighborsRegressor
from sklearn.linear_model import LinearRegression
from sklearn.linear_model import RidgeCV

data = fetch_olivetti_faces()
targets = data.target

data = data.images.reshape((len(data.images), -1))
train = data[targets < 30]
test = data[targets >= 30]  # Test on independent people

# Test on a subset of people
n_faces = 5
rng = check_random_state(4)
face_ids = rng.randint(test.shape[0], size=(n_faces, ))
test = test[face_ids, :]

n_pixels = data.shape[1]
X_train = train[:, :np.ceil(0.5 * n_pixels)]  # Upper half of the faces
y_train = train[:, np.floor(0.5 * n_pixels):]  # Lower half of the faces
X_test = test[:, :np.ceil(0.5 * n_pixels)]
y_test = test[:, np.floor(0.5 * n_pixels):]

# Fit estimators
ESTIMATORS = {
"Extra trees": ExtraTreesRegressor(n_estimators=10, max_features=32,
random_state=0),
"K-nn": KNeighborsRegressor(),
"Linear regression": LinearRegression(),
"Ridge": RidgeCV(),
}

y_test_predict = dict()
for name, estimator in ESTIMATORS.items():
estimator.fit(X_train, y_train)
y_test_predict[name] = estimator.predict(X_test)

# Plot the completed faces
image_shape = (64, 64)

n_cols = 1 + len(ESTIMATORS)
plt.figure(figsize=(2. * n_cols, 2.26 * n_faces))
plt.suptitle("Face completion with multi-output estimators", size=16)

for i in range(n_faces):
true_face = np.hstack((X_test[i], y_test[i]))

if i:
sub = plt.subplot(n_faces, n_cols, i * n_cols + 1)
else:
sub = plt.subplot(n_faces, n_cols, i * n_cols + 1,
title="true faces")

sub.axis("off")
sub.imshow(true_face.reshape(image_shape),
cmap=plt.cm.gray,
interpolation="nearest")

for j, est in enumerate(sorted(ESTIMATORS)):
completed_face = np.hstack((X_test[i], y_test_predict[est][i]))

if i:
sub = plt.subplot(n_faces, n_cols, i * n_cols + 2 + j)

else:
sub = plt.subplot(n_faces, n_cols, i * n_cols + 2 + j,
title=est)

sub.axis("off")
sub.imshow(completed_face.reshape(image_shape),
cmap=plt.cm.gray,
interpolation="nearest")

plt.show()
```

Total running time of the example: 7.66 seconds ( 0 minutes 7.66 seconds)