Sparsity Example: Fitting only features 1 and 2

Features 1 and 2 of the diabetes-dataset are fitted and plotted below. It illustrates that although feature 2 has a strong coefficient on the full model, it does not give us much regarding y when compared to just feature 1.

# Code source: Gaël Varoquaux
# Modified for documentation by Jaques Grobler
# License: BSD 3 clause

First we load the diabetes dataset.

from sklearn import datasets
import numpy as np

X, y = datasets.load_diabetes(return_X_y=True)
indices = (0, 1)

X_train = X[:-20, indices]
X_test = X[-20:, indices]
y_train = y[:-20]
y_test = y[-20:]

Next we fit a linear regression model.

from sklearn import linear_model

ols = linear_model.LinearRegression()
_ = ols.fit(X_train, y_train)

Finally we plot the figure from three different views.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt


def plot_figs(fig_num, elev, azim, X_train, clf):
    fig = plt.figure(fig_num, figsize=(4, 3))
    plt.clf()
    ax = fig.add_subplot(111, projection="3d", elev=elev, azim=azim)

    ax.scatter(X_train[:, 0], X_train[:, 1], y_train, c="k", marker="+")
    ax.plot_surface(
        np.array([[-0.1, -0.1], [0.15, 0.15]]),
        np.array([[-0.1, 0.15], [-0.1, 0.15]]),
        clf.predict(
            np.array([[-0.1, -0.1, 0.15, 0.15], [-0.1, 0.15, -0.1, 0.15]]).T
        ).reshape((2, 2)),
        alpha=0.5,
    )
    ax.set_xlabel("X_1")
    ax.set_ylabel("X_2")
    ax.set_zlabel("Y")
    ax.w_xaxis.set_ticklabels([])
    ax.w_yaxis.set_ticklabels([])
    ax.w_zaxis.set_ticklabels([])


# Generate the three different figures from different views
elev = 43.5
azim = -110
plot_figs(1, elev, azim, X_train, ols)

elev = -0.5
azim = 0
plot_figs(2, elev, azim, X_train, ols)

elev = -0.5
azim = 90
plot_figs(3, elev, azim, X_train, ols)

plt.show()
  • plot ols 3d
  • plot ols 3d
  • plot ols 3d

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.153 seconds)

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