# Logistic function¶

Shown in the plot is how the logistic regression would, in this synthetic dataset, classify values as either 0 or 1, i.e. class one or two, using the logistic curve.

# Code source: Gael Varoquaux
# License: BSD 3 clause

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from scipy.special import expit
from sklearn.linear_model import LinearRegression, LogisticRegression

# Generate a toy dataset, it's just a straight line with some Gaussian noise:
xmin, xmax = -5, 5
n_samples = 100
np.random.seed(0)
X = np.random.normal(size=n_samples)
y = (X > 0).astype(float)
X[X > 0] *= 4
X += 0.3 * np.random.normal(size=n_samples)

X = X[:, np.newaxis]

# Fit the classifier
clf = LogisticRegression(C=1e5)
clf.fit(X, y)

# and plot the result
plt.figure(1, figsize=(4, 3))
plt.clf()
plt.scatter(X.ravel(), y, label="example data", color="black", zorder=20)
X_test = np.linspace(-5, 10, 300)

loss = expit(X_test * clf.coef_ + clf.intercept_).ravel()
plt.plot(X_test, loss, label="Logistic Regression Model", color="red", linewidth=3)

ols = LinearRegression()
ols.fit(X, y)
plt.plot(
X_test,
ols.coef_ * X_test + ols.intercept_,
label="Linear Regression Model",
linewidth=1,
)
plt.axhline(0.5, color=".5")

plt.ylabel("y")
plt.xlabel("X")
plt.xticks(range(-5, 10))
plt.yticks([0, 0.5, 1])
plt.ylim(-0.25, 1.25)
plt.xlim(-4, 10)
plt.legend(
loc="lower right",
fontsize="small",
)
plt.tight_layout()
plt.show()


Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.105 seconds)

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