sklearn.learning_curve.learning_curve(estimator, X, y, train_sizes=array([ 0.1, 0.33, 0.55, 0.78, 1. ]), cv=None, scoring=None, exploit_incremental_learning=False, n_jobs=1, pre_dispatch='all', verbose=0, error_score='raise')[source]

Learning curve.

Deprecated since version 0.18: This module will be removed in 0.20. Use sklearn.model_selection.learning_curve instead.

Determines cross-validated training and test scores for different training set sizes.

A cross-validation generator splits the whole dataset k times in training and test data. Subsets of the training set with varying sizes will be used to train the estimator and a score for each training subset size and the test set will be computed. Afterwards, the scores will be averaged over all k runs for each training subset size.

Read more in the User Guide.


estimator : object type that implements the “fit” and “predict” methods

An object of that type which is cloned for each validation.

X : array-like, shape (n_samples, n_features)

Training vector, where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features.

y : array-like, shape (n_samples) or (n_samples, n_features), optional

Target relative to X for classification or regression; None for unsupervised learning.

train_sizes : array-like, shape (n_ticks,), dtype float or int

Relative or absolute numbers of training examples that will be used to generate the learning curve. If the dtype is float, it is regarded as a fraction of the maximum size of the training set (that is determined by the selected validation method), i.e. it has to be within (0, 1]. Otherwise it is interpreted as absolute sizes of the training sets. Note that for classification the number of samples usually have to be big enough to contain at least one sample from each class. (default: np.linspace(0.1, 1.0, 5))

cv : int, cross-validation generator or an iterable, optional

Determines the cross-validation splitting strategy. Possible inputs for cv are:

  • None, to use the default 3-fold cross-validation,
  • integer, to specify the number of folds.
  • An object to be used as a cross-validation generator.
  • An iterable yielding train/test splits.

For integer/None inputs, if the estimator is a classifier and y is either binary or multiclass, sklearn.model_selection.StratifiedKFold is used. In all other cases, sklearn.model_selection.KFold is used.

Refer User Guide for the various cross-validation strategies that can be used here.

scoring : string, callable or None, optional, default: None

A string (see model evaluation documentation) or a scorer callable object / function with signature scorer(estimator, X, y).

exploit_incremental_learning : boolean, optional, default: False

If the estimator supports incremental learning, this will be used to speed up fitting for different training set sizes.

n_jobs : integer, optional

Number of jobs to run in parallel (default 1).

pre_dispatch : integer or string, optional

Number of predispatched jobs for parallel execution (default is all). The option can reduce the allocated memory. The string can be an expression like ‘2*n_jobs’.

verbose : integer, optional

Controls the verbosity: the higher, the more messages.

error_score : ‘raise’ (default) or numeric

Value to assign to the score if an error occurs in estimator fitting. If set to ‘raise’, the error is raised. If a numeric value is given, FitFailedWarning is raised. This parameter does not affect the refit step, which will always raise the error.


train_sizes_abs : array, shape = (n_unique_ticks,), dtype int

Numbers of training examples that has been used to generate the learning curve. Note that the number of ticks might be less than n_ticks because duplicate entries will be removed.

train_scores : array, shape (n_ticks, n_cv_folds)

Scores on training sets.

test_scores : array, shape (n_ticks, n_cv_folds)

Scores on test set.


See examples/model_selection/