5.3.4. Forest covertypes

The samples in this dataset correspond to 30×30m patches of forest in the US, collected for the task of predicting each patch’s cover type, i.e. the dominant species of tree. There are seven covertypes, making this a multiclass classification problem. Each sample has 54 features, described on the dataset’s homepage. Some of the features are boolean indicators, while others are discrete or continuous measurements.

sklearn.datasets.fetch_covtype will load the covertype dataset; it returns a dictionary-like object with the feature matrix in the data member and the target values in target. The dataset will be downloaded from the web if necessary.